Pilgrim III SP-1204 - História

Pilgrim III SP-1204 - História

Pilgrim III

(SP-1204: t. 98; 1,120 '; b. 23'; dr. 8'6 "; s. 6,9 k .; cpl. 27;
uma. 2 1-pdrs.)

O terceiro Pilgrim, um barco de pesca motorizado construído em Wilmington, Del. Em 1893 para a Beaufort Fish Scrap and Oil Co., New Bern, NC, foi formalmente adquirido pela Marinha em regime de arrendamento gratuito em 30 de julho de 1918, após ter sido equipado para o serviço de patrulha, e comissionado em 18 de julho de 1917.

Atribuída ao 5º Distrito Naval, Pilgrim operou em Pamlico Sound e Onslow Bay, no extremo sul do New River, até que ela foi desativada em 7 de janeiro de 1919 e foi devolvida ao seu proprietário.


A história de William Bradford

Ele pode não ter sido a primeira escolha para o papel de governador da colônia de Plymouth, mas William Bradford se tornou o homem que lideraria os peregrinos durante seus anos de formação na América.

Apesar de ser um membro de longa data do grupo Separatista e desempenhar um papel importante em seus planos de cruzar o Atlântico, Bradford ainda não tinha assumido qualquer papel de liderança para os peregrinos - mas isso mudaria muito rapidamente.

Contra todas as probabilidades, ele superou a terrível doença que varreu o Mayflower durante o primeiro inverno e foi responsável por mais da metade das vidas das pessoas a bordo.

Então, enquanto lamentava a morte repentina de sua esposa - que faleceu enquanto o navio estava ancorado em Cape Cod - Bradford foi escolhido para liderar o grupo depois que o primeiro governador eleito John Carver desabou e morreu menos de seis meses após o Mayflower pousar.

Ele serviu como governador por muitos anos, sendo reeleito repetidas vezes, e desempenhou um papel importante na conquista da confiança dos nativos americanos - o que levou ao que se tornou o primeiro Dia de Ação de Graças em 1623.

Bradford documentou suas experiências em um livro histórico intitulado 'Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation, 1606-1646'.

Considerado o relato mais confiável dos peregrinos e dos primeiros anos na colônia de Plymouth, ele detalha a viagem do Mayflower e o que aconteceu quando os passageiros e a tripulação chegaram à América.

The Manor House, Austerfield


Massasoit

Nossos editores irão revisar o que você enviou e determinar se o artigo deve ser revisado.

Massasoit, (nascido c. 1590, perto do presente Bristol, Rhode Island, EUA - morreu em 1661, perto de Bristol), chefe índio Wampanoag que ao longo de sua vida manteve relações pacíficas com colonos ingleses na área da Colônia de Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Massasoit era o grand sachem (chefe intertribal) de todos os índios Wampanoag, que habitavam partes dos atuais Massachusetts e Rhode Island, particularmente as regiões costeiras. Em março de 1621 - vários meses após o desembarque do Mayflower em Plymouth - Massasoit viajou para a colônia com seu colega Samoset, que já havia feito aberturas amigáveis ​​aos Peregrinos de lá. Convencido do valor de um comércio próspero com os recém-chegados, Massasoit decidiu assegurar um acordo pacífico entre as raças - uma paz que durou enquanto ele viveu. Além disso, ele e seus companheiros índios compartilharam técnicas de plantio, pesca e culinária que eram essenciais para a sobrevivência dos colonos na selva. Quando Massasoit ficou gravemente doente no inverno de 1623, sua saúde foi curada pelos agradecidos Peregrinos. O líder colonial, o governador Edward Winslow, teria viajado vários quilômetros pela neve para entregar um caldo nutritivo ao chefe.

Massasoit foi capaz de manter a paz por muitas décadas, mas novas ondas de europeus famintos por terra criaram tensão quando a terra natal dos índios foi constantemente conquistada pelos brancos. Quando ele morreu, a boa vontade se dissolveu gradualmente, culminando na sangrenta Guerra do Rei Filipe (1675), liderada pelo segundo filho de Massasoit.

Este artigo foi revisado e atualizado mais recentemente por Amy Tikkanen, Gerente de Correções.


Pilgrim III SP-1204 - História

A única fonte oficialmente sancionada para linhagens aprovadas publicadas são os livros "prata" do Mayflower Families Through Five Generations e os panfletos "rosa" associados Mayflower Families in Process. Inscrições mais antigas de membros da família que usaram fontes secundárias ou qualquer um dos livros do Índice Mayflower precisarão ser redocumentadas para qualquer nova inscrição de associação.

História geral do Mayflower

Os leitores que desejam um melhor entendimento geral sobre passageiros, cultura, época, história e genealogia devem consultar qualquer um dos seguintes nos livros impressos:

  • James W. Baker, Ação de Graças: a biografia de um feriado americano (Líbano, N.H .: University Press of New England, 2009).
  • Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, veja vários artigos na New England Ancestors (revista) sobre vários aspectos da vida dos peregrinos, especialmente antes de sua chegada em Plymouth (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, n.d.).
  • Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Estranhos e peregrinos, viajantes e peregrinos: Leiden e as fundações da plantação de Plymouth (Plymouth, Mass .: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2009).
  • Nick Bunker, Fazendo apressada da Babilônia: os peregrinos do Mayflower e seu mundo: uma nova história (Nova York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2010).
  • Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Colônia Plymouth, sua história e pessoas, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 1986).
  • James Deetz e Patricia Scott Deetz, Os tempos de suas vidas: vida, amor e morte na colônia de Plymouth (Nova York: Anchor Books, 2001).
  • Caleb H. Johnson, Tele Mayflower e seus passageiros ([Philadelphia]: Xlibris, 2006).
  • Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower, uma história de coragem, comunidade e guerra (Nova York: Viking, 2006).
  • Famílias Mayflower em cinco gerações disponível para todos os passageiros que deixaram descendentes da General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Livros & ldquoSilver & rdquo e relacionados

Famílias Mayflower em cinco gerações (série, pub. Plymouth, Mass.):

v. 3 George Soule por John E. Soule e Milton E. Terry (1980) Addendum (2ª ed., 1991).

v. 4 Edward Fuller por Bruce Campbell MacGunnigle (2006).

v. 5 Edward Winslow por Ruth C. McGuyre e Robert S. Wakefield e John Billington por Harriet W. Hodge (2ª ed. 1997).

v. 6 Stephen Hopkins por John D. Austin (3ª impressão, 2001).

v. 7 Peter Brown por Robert S. Wakefield (2ª ed., 2002).

v. 8 Padre Degory pela Sra. Charles Delmar Townsend, Robert S. Wakefield e Margaret Harris Stover (2ª ed., 2008).

v. 9 Francis Eaton por Lee Douglas Van Antwerp, rev. por Robert S. Wakefield (ed. rev., 1996).

v. 10 Samuel Fuller por Katharine Warner Radasch e Arthur Hitchcock Radasch, rev. por Margaret Harris Stover e Robert S. Wakefield (ed. rev., 1996).

v. 11 Edward Doty por Peter B. Hill, pt. 1 (2ª ed., 2009), pt. 2 (1996), pt. 3 (2000).

v. 12 Francis Cooke por Ralph V. Wood Jr. (Rockport, Me., ed. rev. 1999).

v. 13 William White por Ruth Wilder Sherman e Robert Moody Sherman, rev. por Robert S. Wakefield (3ª ed., 2006).

v. 14 Myles Standish por Russell L. Warner, Robert S. Wakefield, ed. (1997). [Nota: este livro foi reimpresso sem alterações em 2007.]

v. 15 James Chilton por Robert Moody Sherman e Verle Delano Vincent, rev. por Robert S. Wakefield, e Richard More por Robert Moody Sherman, Robert S. Wakefield e Lydia Dow Finlay (1997).

v. 16 John Alden por Esther Littleford Woodworth-Barnes, Alicia Crane Williams, ed., pt. 1 (1999), pt. 2 (2002), pt. 3 (2004).

v. 17 Isaac Allerton por Robert S. Wakefield e Margaret Harris Stover (1998).

v. 18 Richard Warren por Robert S. Wakefield, rev. Judith H. Swan, pt. 1 (3ª ed., 2004), pt. 2 (2ª ed., 2011), pt. 3 (2001).

v. 19 Thomas Rogers por Alice W. A. ​​Westgate, rev. por Ann T. Reeves (2000).

v. 20 Henry Samson, pt. 1 por Robert Moody Sherman e Ruth Wilder Sherman, Robert S. Wakefield, ed. (2000), pt. 2 (2005) e pt. 3 (2006) por Jane Fletcher Fiske, Robert Moody Sherman e Ruth Wilder Sherman.

v. 21 John Billington por Harriet W. Hodge, rev. por Robert S. Wakefield (2001).

v. 22 William Bradford por Ann Smith Lainhart e Robert S. Wakefield (2004).

v. 23 John Howland para crianças: Lydia, Hannah, Joseph, Jabez, Ruth e Isaac de Ann Smith Lainhart e Robert S. Wakefield, pt. 1 (2006), pt. 2 Quinta Geração de seus Filhos Lydia e Hannah por Ann Smith Lainhart e Jane Fletcher Fiske (2010).

v. 24 Os Descendentes do Ancião William Brewster, por Barbara Lambert Merrick, ed. Scott Andrew Bartley, primeira edição (2014).

Famílias Mayflower em andamento (série de panfletos)

* George Soule por John E. Soule e Milton E. Terry, rev. por Louise Walsh Throop, primeiras quatro gerações (6ª ed., 2011) Quinta geração, pt. 1 (2000), pt. 2 (2002), pt. 3 (2003), pt. 4 (2005), pt. 5 (2008).

* Francis Cooke & ndash primeiras quatro gerações de Robert S. Wakefield e Ralph Van Wood Jr. (5ª ed., 2000) & ndash substitui aquela parte do volume 16 acima.

* William Brewster por Barbara Lambert Merrick, pt. 1 & ndash primeiras quatro gerações (3ª ed. 2000), pt. 2-5ª geração. de Jonathan2 (1999), pt. 3 & ndash 5ª geração. of Love2 (2003), pt. 4 & ndash 5ª geração. of Patience2 (2001).

* Philip Delano por Muriel Curtis Cushing, primeiras quatro gerações (2002), 5ª geração. pt. 1 (2004), 5ª geração. pt. 2 (2011).

Não faz parte da série oficial:

* v. 1 & ndash descendants of Desire2 por Elizabeth Pearson White (Camden, Me., 1990).

* v. 2 & ndash descendentes de John2 por Elizabeth Pearson White, assistido por Edwin Wagner Coles e Roberta Gilbert Bratti (Camden, Me., 1993).

* v. 3 & ndash descendentes de Hope2 por Elizabeth Pearson White (Rockland, Me., 2008).

* v. 4 & ndash descendentes de Elizabeth2 por Elizabeth Pearson White (Rockland, Me., 2008).

Periódicos

George Ernest Bowman, ed., The Mayflower Descendant: A Quarterly Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogia and History (1899-1937), 34v. O descendente do Mayflower: índice de pessoas (Boston, 1959-1962), 2v. Alicia Crane Williams, ed., The Mayflower Descendant: A Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogia and History (1985-1998), v. 35-48 [formato 8,5x11] Scott Andrew Bartley, ed., Mayflower descendente (2000-2010), v. 49-59 Caleb Johnson, ed., Mayflower Descendan (2011-2013), v. 60-63.

George Ernest Bowman, ed., Pilgrim Notes and Queries (1913-1917), 5v.

California Mayflower (1981-1995), v. 10-24, incompleto.

Chilton Chat (2005 até o presente) [Nota: Apenas um problema para o v. 1.].

O compacto (1980-presente), v. 1+.

The Howland Quarterly (1958-presente), v. 23+.

The Mayflower Quarterly (1935-presente), v. 1+.

Vários boletins informativos estaduais, dos anos 1990 até o presente.

Outros livros e artigos

Relato da participação da American Antiquarian Society no Return of the Bradford Manuscript to America (Worcester, Mass. 1898).

Impressora americana (jornal), & ldquoMayflower Number, & rdquo Vol. 71, No. 12 [20 de dezembro de 1920]:

Edmund G. Gress, & ldquoThoughts About Printers and Pilgrims & rdquo p. 41-46.

Henry Lewis Bullen, & ldquoThe Printer Leaders of the Pilgrim Fathers & rdquo p. 48-49.

George Ernest Bowman, & ldquoThe Mayflower Compact and Its Signers & rdquo p. 49-52.

Arthur Pemberton, & ldquoThe Pilgrims and the Lettering on Burial Hill & rdquo p. 52

Joseph Moxon, & ldquoIn the Old-time Printing Offices & rdquo p. 53-56.

& ldquoHistória das inserções editoriais, & rdquo p. 57-60. [Vinte placas de inserção entre as pág. 64-65]

E. G. G., & ldquoStudies in Colonial Typography & rdquo p. 61-63.

Aptucxet & ndash 1627: A Primeira Feitoria da Colônia de Plymouth (Bourne, Mass., S.l.).

& ldquoGovernor Bradford & rsquos Primeiro Diálogo. Um diálogo, ou a soma de uma conferência entre alguns jovens nascidos na Nova Inglaterra e diversos homens antigos que vieram da Holanda e da velha Inglaterra, anno Domini 1648. & rdquo Parte de Old South Leaflets série, No. 49 (Boston, 1896?).

Governor Bradford & rsquos Letter Book (Boston, 1906). Reimpresso do Mayflower descendente.

& ldquoGovenour Bradford & rsquos Letter Book & rdquo conforme publicado pela primeira vez no Coleções da Sociedade Histórica de Massachusetts, Vol. II, No. 12-13 [Set.-Out. 1793], Vol. III, No. 16-17 [Jan.-Fev. 1794] [Nota: Incompleto] [No cofre]

Proceedings at the Unveiling of the John Robinson Memorial Tablet em Leyden, Holanda, 24 de julho de 1891, Under the Auspices of the National Council of Congregational Churches of the United States (Boston, 1891).

Azel Ames, The May-Flower and Her Log 15 de julho de 1620 a 6 de maio de 1621, principalmente de fontes originais (Boston, 1901). Tamanho grande.

Robert Charles Anderson, A migração dos peregrinos: imigrantes para a colônia de Plymouth 1620-1633 (Boston, 2004).

Edward Arber, A história dos peregrinos, 1606-1623 d.C., contada por eles mesmos, seus amigos e seus inimigos (Londres, 1897).

Robert Ashton, As Obras de John Robinson, Pastor dos Pilgrim Fathers. Com memórias e anotações (Londres, 1851).

William Franklin Atwood, The Pilgrim Story sendo em grande parte uma compilação dos documentos do governador Bradford e do governador Winslow, severamente e em colaboração com uma lista de passageiros do Mayflower (Plymouth, Massachusetts, 1940).

James W. Baker, Retorno de Aldens à Inglaterra: A excursão de Alden Kindred of America de 2006 e um guia para locais de peregrinação ao longo do caminho (Duxbury, Mass., 2007). [brochura]

James W. Baker, Ação de Graças: a biografia de um feriado americano (Hanover, N.H., 2009). [brochura]

Josephine R. Baker, An Historic Bible [The Connecticut Magazine] Hartford, Ct., 1899). Páginas na pasta.

Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Indian Deeds: Land Transactions in PlymouthColony, 1620-1691 (Boston, 2002).

Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Pilgrim Edward Winslow: New England & rsquos First International Diplomat Uma biografia documental (Boston, 2004). Brochura.

Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Estranhos e peregrinos: viajantes e peregrinos: Leiden e as fundações da plantação de Plymouth (Plymouth, Mass., 2009).

Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Pilgrim Life in Leiden Textos e imagens do Leiden American Pilgrim Museum (Leiden, Holanda, 1997). Folheto em espiral.

Charles Edward Banks, Ancestrais e casas inglesas dos peregrinos que vieram para Plymouth no & ldquoMayflower & rdquo em 1620, & ldquoFortune & rdquo em 1621, e & ldquoAnne & rdquo e & ldquoLittle James & rdquo em 1623 (Nova York, 1929).

Joseph Banvard, Plymouth e os peregrinos ou incidentes de aventura na história dos primeiros colonizadores (Boston, 1851). Capa amarrada.

Robert Merril Bartlett, O Caminho do Peregrino (Filadélfia, 1971). Tamanho grande.

W. H. Bartlett, Os Pilgrim Fathers ou Fundadores da Nova Inglaterra no Reinado de Tiago, o Primeiro (Londres, 1865).

William Bradford, [editado por Charles Deane], História da plantação de Plymouth (Boston, 1856). [Parte superior da coluna rasgada]

William Bradford, editado com notas por Charles Deane, História da plantação de Plymouth (Boston, 1856). [Selo em relevo de John Wingate Thornton na página de rosto. Muitos recortes de jornal colados na capa interna e na folha voadora e soltos no envelope falando sobre a dobradiça frontal da segunda edição solta e lombada parcialmente destacada]

William Bradford, editado por John A. Doyle, História da plantação de Plimoth contendo um relato da viagem de & lsquoMayflower & rsquo [agora reproduzido em fac-símile do manuscrito original](Londres, 1896). Tamanho grande. [Coluna com fita adesiva e solta]

William Bradford, Bradford & rsquos History & ldquoof Plimoth Plantation. & Rdquo Do manuscrito original. Com um relatório do incidente do processo para a devolução do manuscrito a Massachusetts (Boston, 1901). [Existem edições deste trabalho datadas de 1898 e 1900.]

William Bradford, editado por [Committee at Mass. Historical Society], História da plantação de Plimoth (Boston, 1912), 2 v.

William Bradford, editado por Samuel Eliot Morison, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 (Nova York, 1952, 8ª impressão, 1979).

John Brown, Os pais peregrinos da Nova Inglaterra e seus sucessores puritanos (Londres, 1896).

Nick Bunker, Fazendo apressada da Babilônia: os peregrinos do Mayflower e seu mundo, uma nova história (Nova York, 2010).

Walter H. Burgess, John Robinson- Pastor of the Pilgrim Fathers Um Estudo de Sua Vida e Tempos (Londres, 1920).

Champlin Burrage, ed., John Pory & rsquos Descrição perdida da colônia de Plymouth nos primeiros dias dos peregrinos, junto com relatos contemporâneos da colonização inglesa em outros lugares da Nova Inglaterra e nas Bermudas (Boston, 1918). Tamanho grande.

Douglas Campbell, O Puritano na Holanda, Inglaterra e América - Uma Introdução à História Americana (Nova York, 1892). 2 v.

Martha Campbell, & ldquoPlymouthColony Proprietors Records & rdquo (tipo, 1993).

Edmund J. Carpenter, Os peregrinos e seu monumento (Nova York, 1911).

R. J. Carpenter, Christopher Martin, Great Burstead e The Mayflower (Chelmsford, Eng., 1982), fotocópia do panfleto.

George W. Chamberlain, & ldquoWilliam Brewster, The Pilgrim Printer & rdquo em The Magazine of History with Notes and Queries, vol. XV, No. 2 [fevereiro de 1912], 63-66.

George B. Cheever, The Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, na Nova Inglaterra, em 1620: com ilustrações históricas e locais de providências, princípios e pessoas (Nova York, 1848).

Glenn Alan Cheney, Thanksgiving: The Pilgrim & rsquos First Year in America (New London, Conn., 2007). Brochura.

Paralelepípedo: The History Magazine for Young People, v. 10 no. 11 [novembro 1989], & ldquoPilgrims to a New World. & Rdquo

Winnifred Cockshott, O peregrino é o pai de sua igreja e colônia (Bowie, Md., 2002). Brochura.

Leon E. Cranmer, Cushnoc: a história e a arqueologia dos comerciantes da colônia de Plymouth no Kennebec (Augusta, Me., 1990).

Laura Crawford, The Pilgrims & rsquo Thanksgiving de A a Z (Gretna, La., 2005). [para leitores muito jovens]

John Cuckson, Uma breve história da Primeira Igreja em Plymouth de 1606-1901 (Boston, 1902).

Ozora S. Davis, & ldquoJohn Robinson Pastor of the Pilgrim Fathers & rdquo reproduzido do Hartford Seminary Record, Vol. 7, Nos. 2 e 3 (Hartford, Conn., 1897).

Charles Deane, A primeira patente de Plymouth: concedida em 1º de junho de 1621, agora impressa pela primeira vez a partir do manuscrito original (Cambridge, Eng., 1854). Na pasta.

James e Patricia (Scott) Deetz, Os tempos de suas vidas, vida, amor e morte na colônia de Plymouth (New York City, 2000).

John Demos, A Little Commonwealth Family Life in Plymouth Colony (Nova York, 1970).

Henry Martyn Dexter, Mourt & rsquos Relation or Journal of the Plantation at Plymouth com uma introdução e notas (Boston, 1865).

John Frederick Dorman, & ldquoBrewster-Allerton-Lee: Analysis of Records Concerning Anne (Lee) Eustace e Elizabeth (Lee) Jones Taylor & rdquo relatório para GSMD datado de 28 de fevereiro de 2008. [fotocópia]

Thomas Bradford Drew, O antigo patrimônio do governador William Bradford (Boston, 1897). Brochura na pasta.

Alice Morse Earle, ed., Diário de Anna Green Winslow - uma estudante de Boston de 1771 (Boston, 1894).

A. Eekhof e Edgar F. Romig, & ldquoJohn Robinson: dois discursos proferidos no Pieterskerk em Leyden por ocasião da inauguração da lápide memorial na capela batismal, no sábado, 8 de setembro de 1928 & rdquo reimpresso do Nederlandsch Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis, XXI , 4 (Haia, 1928).

A. Eekhof, Os documentos desconhecidos a respeito dos peregrinos na Holanda (Haia, 1920). [fotocópia digitalizada]

Herbert Folger, Um registro dos nomes dos passageiros do Good Ship & ldquoMayflower & rdquo em dezembro de 1620 (S.l., sn.) [Pela New Jersey Society em 1904 ou mais tarde]

Sheila Foley, ed., Faith Unfurled: The Pilgrims & rsquo Quest for Freedom (Lowell, Mass., 1993). Brochura.

Brandon Fradd, As famílias Winslow de Worcestershire (Boston, 2009).

David A. Furlow, & ldquoThe Enigmatic Isaac Allerton: A Mariner, Merchant, Burgher, Attorney, and Diplomat of New Netherland & rdquo in Margriet Bruijn Lacy, Charles Gehring e Jenneke Oosterhoff, eds., De De Halve Maen a KLM: 400 anos de holandês -American Exchange (M & uumlnster, [2008]), p. 105-118 (fotocópia).

Deborah Sampson Gannett, Um discurso proferido em 1802 em várias cidades em Massachusetts, Rhode Island e Nova York (Dedham, Massachusetts, 1802 rep. Boston, 1905). [Panfleto, encadernado, dourado, em encadernação de couro apodrecido & ndash use a fotocópia primeiro.]

L. D. Geller, ed., Eles sabiam que eram peregrinos - Ensaios de história de Plymouth (Nova York, 1971).

John A. Goodwin, The Pilgrim Republic & ndash Uma revisão histórica da colônia de New Plymouth com esboços da ascensão de outros assentamentos da Nova Inglaterra, a história do congregacionalismo e os credos do período (Boston, 1895).

William Elliot Griffis, Os peregrinos em suas três casas - Inglaterra, Holanda, América (Boston, 1900).

Cheryl Harness, The Adventurous Life of Myles Standish and the Amazing-But-True Survival Story of Plymouth Colony: Barbary Pirates, The Mayflower, The First Thanksgiving, and MUCH More (Washington, D.C., [2006]). [para crianças do ensino médio]

Cheryl Harness, Três Jovens Peregrinos (Nova York, 1995). [para leitores muito jovens]

Rendel Harris, A descoberta da & ldquoMayflower & rdquo (Manchester, Eng., 1920).

Rendel Harris, O último da & ldquoMayflower & rdquo (Manchester, Eng., 1920).

Rendel Harris, ed., Lembranças do Tricentenário & ldquoMayflower & rdquo Os documentos relativos à avaliação do & ldquoMayflower & rdquo Recusa das autoridades de Leyden de expulsar os peregrinos Certidão de casamento de William Bradford e Dorothy May A cópia de Plymouth da Primeira Carta da Virgínia (Manchester, Eng., 1920). 4 panfletos na pasta.

Rendel Harris e Stephen K. Jones, The Pilgrim Press Um memorial bibliográfico e histórico dos livros impressos em Leyden pelos Pilgrim Fathers (Cambridge, Eng., 1921).

Frankie Summers Hauser, Descendentes do Mayflower no estado do Texas e sua linhagem ([San Antonio, Tex.?], 1967).

Annie Arnoux Haxtun, Signatários do Mayflower Compact (Nova York, 1896). Tamanho grande.

E. J. V. Huiginn, Os túmulos de Myles Standish e outros peregrinos (Beverly, Mass., 1914).

Die Modlin Hoxie, Illinois., E Carolyn Freeman Travers, texto, Livro de colorir Plimoth Plantation (Plymouth, Massachusetts, 19980. [para leitores muito jovens]

Joseph Hunter, Coleções sobre a história inicial dos fundadores de New Plymouth, os primeiros colonos da Nova Inglaterra (Londres, 1849). [Título da capa do panfleto: Mr. Hunter & rsquos Critical and Historical Tracts. Não II. Os primeiros colonos da Nova Inglaterra.]

Joseph Hunter, Coleções sobre a Igreja ou Congregação de Separatistas Protestantes Formadas em Scrooby em North Nottinghamshire, na época do Rei James I: Os Fundadores de New Plymouth, a Colônia-Mãe da Nova Inglaterra (Londres, Eng., 1854).

Sydney V. James Jr., ed., Três visitantes no início de Plymouth (Plymouth, Mass., 1963).

Caleb H. Johnson, As obras completas dos peregrinos do Mayflower com obras selecionadas por aqueles que os conheciam ou que visitaram a primeira colônia de Plymouth (Vancouver, Wash., 2003) Oversize.

Caleb H. Johnson, O Mayflower e seus passageiros ([Vancouver, Wash.], 2006).

Caleb [H.] Johnson, Aqui devo morrer em terra. Stephen Hopkins: Bermuda Castaway, Jamestown Survivor e Mayflower Pilgrim ([Philadelphia], 2007).

Joke Kardux e Eduard van de Bilt, Recém-chegados em uma cidade antiga, os peregrinos americanos em Leiden, de 1609 a 1620 (Leiden, Holanda, 1998).

Dorothy H. Kelso, Mãos Duras e Consciências Fortes Uma História da Família na Nova Inglaterra (1986). Brochura.

H. Roger King, Colônia de Cape Cod e Plymouth no século XVII (Lanham, Md., 1994). Brochura.

Jonathan King, The Mayflower Miracle The Pilgrims & rsquo Own Story of the Founding of America (Londres, 1987).

Susan M. Kingsbury, Uma introdução aos registros da Virginia Company of London com uma lista bibliográfica dos documentos existentes (Washington, D.C., 1905). Tamanho grande, brochura.

H. Kirk-Smith, William Brewster & ldquoO Pai da Nova Inglaterra & rdquo His Life and Times 1567-1644 (Boston, Eng., 1992).

George D. Langdon Jr., Pilgrim Colony: A History of New Plymouth, 1620-1691 (New Haven, Conn., 1966).

Charles T. Libby, Plymouth Colony Marriages to 1650 together with Mary Chilton & rsquos Title to Celebrity (Warwick, R.I., 1978).

David Lindsay, Mayflower Bastardo, um estranho entre os peregrinos (Nova York, 2002).

Alexander MacKennal, Casas e assombrações dos pais peregrinos (Londres, 1899).

D. W. Manchester, & ldquoMistakes in History & ndash The Pilgrims Not Puritans But Separatists & rdquo in The National Magazine, [corte do vol. Desconhecido] [novembro 1891]: 82-91.

Charles C. Mann, 1491: Novas revelações das Américas antes de Colombo (Nova York, 2005).

Annie Russell Marble, As mulheres que vieram no Mayflower (Boston, 1920).

Thomas W. Mason e B. Nightingale, Nova luz na história do peregrino (Londres, 1920).

Albert Matthews, O termo pai peregrino (Cambridge, Mass., 1915). [Reimpressão do panfleto das Publicações da Sociedade Colonial de Massachusetts, vol. 17.]

Samuel Maverick, A Briefe Discription of New England and the Severall Townes, juntamente com o atual governo do mesmo (ms., 1660 rep. Boston, 1885). [Panfleto com reimpressão de artigo no New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 38 [1884]: 342, and the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 1884.]

William Alexander McAuslan, Índice Mayflower (Boston, 1932), 2v. [não mais aceito como única prova de uma linhagem Mayflower]

Ann McGovern, Os peregrinos e o primeiro dia de ação de graças (Nova York, 2005). [um livro para leitores muito jovens]

Blanche McManus, A Viagem do Mayflower (Nova York, 1897) como parte da série Colonial Monographs.

Nathaniel Morton, New = English & rsquo Memoriall (Boston, 1903).

William P. Muttart e Linda R. Ashley, Cento e onze perguntas e respostas sobre os peregrinos (Montville, Conn., 2007). [brochura]

Adelia White Notson e Robert Carver Notson, comp., Stepping Stones: The Pilgrims & rsquo Own Story (Portland, Ore., 1987).

Ethel J. R. C. Noyes, As Mulheres do Mayflower e as Mulheres da Colônia de Plymouth (Plymouth, Massachusetts, 1921).

John M. Pafford, How Firm a Foundation William Bradford e Plymouth (Bowie, Md., 2002). Brochura.

Russell M. Peters, Os Wampanoags de Mashpee (S.n., 1987). Brochura, tamanho grande.

Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower: uma história de coragem, comunidade e guerra (Nova York, 2006).

Nathaniel Philbrick, O Mayflower e os peregrinos & rsquo Novo Mundo (Nova York, 2008).

Museu Pilgrim Hall, The Pilgrims & amp the Fur Trade: Uma unidade curricular para as séries 5-7. Linhas de estudo: História, Economia e Finanças e Geografia com conexões com Matemática (Plymouth, Mass., 2006).

Plimoth Plantation, & ldquoMusic & amp Dance from the Time of the Pilgrims & rdquo (panfleto sem data).

D. Plooij, Os peregrinos do ponto de vista holandês (Nova York, 1932).

D. Plooij e J. Rendel Harris de Manchester, Documentos de Leyden relativos à permissão dos pais peregrinos para residir nos registros de Leyden e Bethrothal junto com documentos paralelos dos arquivos de Amsterdã (Leyden, Holanda, 1920). Tamanho grande.

Jenny Hale Pulsipher, & ldquo & lsquoSubjects & hellip ao mesmo rei & rsquo: New England Indians and the Use of Royal Political Power & rdquo publicado em The Massachusetts Historical Review, vol. 5 (2003). [fotocópia]

William Howell Reed, Monografia A do Élder William Brewster (S.n., 1894). Brochura.

Gary Boyd Roberts, ed., Registros de fonte do Mayflower: dados primários sobre o sudeste de Massachusetts, Cape Cod e as ilhas de Nantucket e Martha & rsquos Vineyard do New England Historical and Genealogical Register (Baltimore, 1986).

Susan E. Roser, Aumentos de Mayflower (Baltimore: 2ª ed., 1997).

Susan E. Roser, Nascimentos e mortes em Mayflower dos arquivos de George Ernest Bowman na sociedade de descendentes de Mayflower em Massachusetts (Baltimore, 1992), 2v.

Susan E. Roser, Mayflower Casamentos dos arquivos de George Ernest Bowman na Sociedade de Descendentes do Mayflower em Massachusetts (Baltimore, 1990).

Susan E. Roser, Mayflower Deeds & amp Probates dos arquivos de George Ernest Bowman na sociedade de Massachusetts de descendentes do Mayflower (Baltimore, 1994).

Susan E. Roser, Referências de passageiros do Mayflower (de registros contemporâneos e periódicos acadêmicos) ([Milton, Ont.,] 2011]).

Louise Rumnock e Carol Lanman Yovanovich, Pilgrim Myles e Tom-T & rsquos Plymouth Adventure Activity / Livro de colorir de 5 a 7 anos (Port Orange, Flórida, 2004).

Louise Rumnock e Carol Lanman Yovanovich, Pilgrim Myles e Tom-T & rsquos Plymouth Adventure Activity Book, de 8 a 10 anos (Port Orange, Flórida, 2004).

William S. Russell, Guia de Plymouth e lembranças dos peregrinos (Boston, 1846).

William S. Russell, Memoriais dos peregrinos e guia para Plymouth com um mapa litográfico e oito heliotipos (Boston, 1886).

Edwin G. Sanford, The Pilgrim Fathers and Plymouth Colony: Um levantamento biográfico de livros e artigos publicados durante os últimos cinquenta anos (Boston, 1970). [fotocópia]

Gary D. Schmidt, William Bradford: Plymouth e rsquos Faithful Pilgrim (Grand Rapids, Mich., 1999). [um livro para jovens leitores]

Jerome D. Segel e R. Andrew Pierce, The Wampanoag Genealogical History of Martha & rsquos Vineyard, Massachusetts (Baltimore, Md., 2003).

Marcia Sewall, Os peregrinos de Plimoth (Nova York, 1986, rep. 1996). Livro infantil e rsquos.

Hubert Kinney Shaw, Famílias dos Peregrinos (Boston, 1956).

Ruth Wilder Sherman e Robert S. Wakefield, PLinouth Colony Probate Guide: Onde encontrar testamentos e dados relacionados para 800 pessoas da colônia de Plymouth 1620 e ndash 1691 (Warwick, R.I., 1983).

Mary B. Sherwood, Pilgrim - Uma biografia de William Brewster (Falls Church, Va., 1982).

C. H. Simmons Jr., Plymouth Colony Records: Volume 1: Wills and Inventories, 1633-1669 (Rockland, Me., 1996, rep. 2011).

Ashbel Steele, Chefe dos Peregrinos: ou The Life and Time of William Brewster, Governante Ancião da Pilgrim Company que fundou New Plymouth, a colônia-mãe da Nova Inglaterra, em 1620 (Filadélfia, 1857).

Francis R. Stoddard, A verdade sobre os peregrinos (Nova York, 1952).

Channing S. Swan, Histórico do & ldquoThe Pilgrim Movement & rdquo, conforme revelado por visitas a lugares de interesse do Mayflower na Europa (S.n., 1958). Texto datilografado com fotos, tamanho grande.

Mary Alice Tenney, Os peregrinos: uma lista selecionada de obras na biblioteca pública da cidade de Boston (Boston, 1920). [fotocópia]

Milton E. Terry e Anne Borden Harding, comp., Alden Gamaliel Beaman, Velma H. ​​Terry e Willard Newell Woodward, eds., Índice Ancestral Mayflower, Volume I [Descendants of the Families: Brewster, Chilton, Eaton, Samuel Fuller, More, Rogers, Soule, White] [não mais aceito como única prova de uma linhagem Mayflower]

A True Relation concernente ao Estate of New-England como foi apresentado à sua gravata Ma (ms., Ca. 1634 rep. Boston, 1886). [Panfleto reproduzido do New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 40 [1886].

Terry Tucker, Bermuda e destino não intencional (Bermuda, 1978, 1982).

J. W. Verburgt, The Pilgrim Fathers & rsquo em Leyden (Holanda) (Leyden, Holanda, 1955). Brochura.

Alvin G. Weeks, Massasoit dos Wampanoags com um breve comentário sobre o caráter indígena e esboços de outros grandes chefes, tribos e nações. Também um capítulo sobre Samoset, Squanto e Hobamock, três primeiros amigos nativos dos colonos de Plymouth (Fall River, Massachusetts, 1920).

David K. Weiner, Fazedores de história em suas próprias palavras (Baltimore, 2005). [em John Alden]

Dorothy Wentworth, A Família Alden na Casa Alden (Duxbury, Mass., 1980).

Henry White, Batalhas indígenas: com incidentes no início da história da Nova Inglaterra, contendo narrativas emocionantes e comoventes de batalhas, cativeiros, fugas, emboscadas, assaltos, massacres e depredações dos índios. Os hábitos, costumes e traços de caráter peculiares à raça indígena. A Vida e as Explorações do Capitão Miles Standish A História da Guerra do Rei Phillip & rsquos e Incidentes Pessoais e Históricos da Guerra Revolucionária (Nova York, 1859).

Gertrude Whittier, The Good Ship Mayflower (S.n., 1933).

Erastus Edward Williamson, O & ldquoMestre Williamson & rdquo de The & ldquoMayflower & rdquo Pilgrims: quem ele era e sua relação com Timothy Williamson, sênior de Marshfield, Massachusetts. (Hyde Park, Massachusetts, 1917).

George F. Willison, Santos e estranhos sendo as vidas dos pais peregrinos e suas famílias, com seus amigos e inimigos e um relato de suas peregrinações póstumas no limbo, sua ressurreição final e ascensão à glória e as estranhas peregrinações de Plymouth Rock (Nova York, 1945).

Edward Winslow, Hypocrisie Unmasked A True Relation of the Proceedings of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Against Samuel Gorton of Rhode Island (London, 1646 rep. Providence, 1916).

William Copley Winslow, &ldquoGovernor Edward Winslow: His Part and Place in Plymouth Colony&rdquo reprinted from the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (July 1896).

Justin Winsor, The Surrender of the Bradford Manuscript (Cambridge, Mass., 1897).

Justin Winsor, Elder William Brewster and Other Notes (Cambridge, Mass., 1887). Pamphlet in folder.

Judith Lloyd Yero, The Mayflower Compact (Washington, D.C., 2006). Children&rsquos book.

Alexander Young, Chronicles of The Pilgrim Fathers of the Colony of Plymouth, from 1602-1625 (Boston, 1844 rep., 1974). Brochura.

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Court Orders [1633-1691] (Boston, 1855-1856), v. 1-6. [oversized]

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Judicial Acts. 1633-1692 (Boston, 1857), v. 7. [oversized]

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Miscellaneous Records. 1633-1689 (Boston, 1857), v. 8. [oversized]

David Pulsifer, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Acts of the Commissioners of the United Colonies of New England, 1643-1678/9 (Boston, 1859), v. 9-10. [oversized]

David Pulsifer, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Laws, 1623-1682 (Boston, 1861), v. 11. [oversized]

David Pulsifer, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Deeds Vol. I. 1620-1651 &c. (Boston, 1861), v. 12. [oversized]


Replace

The Unidrive SP is now a superceded product and is in it's maintenance period. Volume production of these products has now ceased, but manufacturer contractual obligations regarding warranty, service and repairs will continue. The maintenance period is expected to last up to ten years subject to raw material and component availability and will end in 2027 when no further manufacturer support will be available. Drives and Automation are able to supply refurbished units for certain models, simply contact us with details of your existing Unidrive SP and we will see if we can offer you a replacement.


An Ignatian Storytelling Initiative

To celebrate the Ignatian Year, the Jesuit Conference of Canada and the United States is launching a global Ignatian storytelling initiative entitled In the Pilgrim’s Company, a project that will take a fresh, innovative look at St. Ignatius’ autobiography. And we’re inviting storytellers the world over to contribute their ideas.

This isn’t a simple rehashing of Ignatius’ own words, though. This is an opportunity to delve deeply into the character of one of the many people St. Ignatius encounters during his pilgrim journey – from those early pages stuck in bed with a wounded leg to the final pages in Rome beginning charitable works.

The storytelling challenge is to identify a character from the autobiography – other than St. Ignatius – and explore their thoughts, motivations and perspectives on the would-be saint.

What did Ignatius’ brother, for example, really think about his sibling’s newfound faith? What of the Muslim man Ignatius passed on the road? What insight might be gleaned by exploring a theoretical character who sees Ignatius at work on the streets of Manresa? One might wonder what was going through the mind of Francis Xavier prior to meeting Ignatius. Or, the mind of Pope Paul III as he encountered this band of holy men.

This approach to storytelling is quite Ignatian. The challenge is to drop oneself into this classic story, to take a look around with fresh eyes and to glean new insight from that reflective experience. Perspectives often overlooked, ignored or forgotten come to the forefront, deepening our understanding of Ignatius’ life. This, in many ways, is imaginative prayer.

During this Ignatian Year, we’re invited to “see all things new in Christ.” This storytelling opportunity is an invitation to do exactly that: To gaze upon something familiar with new eyes, to allow the Holy Spirit to teach us something new about the life of this saint – and thus something new about the one whom this saint served.

Submission Details

We are accepting original pieces of fiction (up to 5,000 words), poetry, one-act plays or comic strips. Successful submissions will:

  • Clearly identify and assume the persona of a character that is in Ignatius’ autobiography, or a character that might have been in his autobiography (e.g. a townsperson)
  • Reflect a deep understanding of Ignatius’ autobiography, as demonstrated by an accurate historical representation of both the life of Ignatius and the society in which he lived
  • Reflect a deep understanding of Ignatian spirituality, the Society of Jesus and the Catholic imagination and,
  • Connect the story of Ignatius with the signs of the times today, as well as the Ignatian Year’s call to conversion.

There will be two submission periods: March 1, 2021 through June 15, 2021 and October 1, 2021 through January 31, 2022. Selected submissions will be featured on Jesuits.org/pilgrimstories throughout the course of the Ignatian Year (May 2021 – July 2022). This project is open to anyone in the world, though at this time, all submissions must be in English.

Selected contributors will receive a stipend, as well as an opportunity to be featured across Jesuit media platforms, including podcasts, videos and more.


More Comments:

Bob Loza - 11/25/2010

Mr. Bangs' comments from way back in '05 (which I just stumbled upon this Thanksgiving Day 2010) seem well presented and well said.
I have no idea what the "agenda" may be behind the author's words. A call for unemotional debate or discussion of the "facts" seems to cover it, however. I have always been skeptical of the glorious rhetoric so often heard in praise of the Puritans (or Friends, or whatever they called themselves), because I have never felt we as a nation needed to do so. The holiday itself was instituted in the latter 1800's, or so I have read, and as a union of states who had survived all manner of discordant events - some of them self-inflicted - it made sense then, as it does today, to set aside a day to ponder our history and fortunes, and then sit down to stuff ourselves. I would personally prefer it if we didn't have to keep bringing up these ornery malcontents who landed here to establish their own exclusive (literally) society, and ascribe all manner of noble and self-determining motives to them, but that's the history of own history, and in the end, most of us try to just have a day together and get along as best we can.

I mean, what does buying a mattress or watching The Saints on TV have to do with Thanksgiving anyway?

The good news is that I am free to read and absorb all the truth available and conclude, in the end, that one single story or POV doesn't quite cover everything. Maybe we should have a few American Natives join us for dinner every year, and hey, that's not a bad idea. But today I'll just chill and enjoy the dinner my wife's cooking downstairs. It'll be great. Cheers to us all.

Steven A. Gold - 11/27/2009

Revealing the grand narrative of colonialism appears to sting those who make their living supporting it.

The article headline is not supported in the analysis. Not many of the 'debunkers' he's talking about, say that the colonial force that massacred approx. 700 men, women and children of the Pequot Nation was from one specific particular colony. The gloating Governor proclaiming an annual day of celebration and thanksgiving for an act of genocide was from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Myself and many people indigenous to Turtle Island really do not care about the European squabling about secular/non-secular, pilgrim/puritan/protestant or any other biblical reference inaccuracy. That fact that genocide was justified and encouraged by Euro-christians is enough. The majority of Bangs clarifications are simply designating the difference between the SS and the Gestapo, to use a more recent genocide as reference.

And, Bangs seems to think that by disproving claims of 'initial' grave robbing by pilgrims, he is disproving the introduction of sexism, racism, homophobia, jails, social class system, and the murderous genocidal tendencies of early colonials. Não é verdade.

I do agree with this wee bit of insight:
“To ask whether this is true is to ask the wrong question. It’s true to its purposes. … And that’s all it needs to be. For these holidays say much less about who we really were in some specific Then, than about who we want to be in an ever changing Now." "And that’s all it needs to be”? Discordo. I think that a historian approaching the question of Thanksgiving Day in the “ever changing Now” will need to ask “the wrong question” – what of all this is true?"

Truth is relative. Bangs' acculturation as a historian, classically trained in the European tradition means that he thinks he can discover the truth of the Then, if he is diligent enough. But what he will accept as truth will be different than someone else who may be trained differently and is just as dilligent.

re: 200 Internet websites that he surveyed on this topic:
"Almost all the corrections are themselves incorrect or banal. With heavy self-importance and pathetic political posturing, they demonstrate quite unsurprisingly that what was once taught in grade school lacked scope, subtlety, and minority insight."
1) I could find 10,000 Internet references by christians and muslims alike, that are likely incorrect. It's the Internet for heaven sake.
2) That he uses terms like "banal" and "pathetic" reveal his own self-importance and his position within a specific ideology.

What is taught today, not "once taught," in all formal education, not just grade school, on this topic, does "lack scope, subtlety, and minority insight." Now if this comes "unsurprisingly" to Bangs, then why does he banter about the differences between the colony's? Why doesn't he add some scope and minority insight into the myths being taught as history? Maybe add some stories that have previously failed to the meet the colonial project that continues to teach that the transplanted European civilization is the pinnacle of humanity. He knows it is not, but he choses to participate in the erasure of knowledge that doesn't fit the colonial project standard.

To call other perspectives as being "heavy with self-importance and pathetic political posturing" is an excellent grasp of the extremely obvious. He is only able to publish this on the Internet, because no academic publication would allow such an opinion piece that is ladden with his own "self-importance and pathetic political posturing." That is not calling the kettle black. É o que é. What in the world did he expect to find by surveying 200 or more Internet sites? Truth? His truth is already revealed. My response supports the revelation of other peoples truths. Yup, it's a political project.

William D French - 11/26/2009

The article on the debunkers of Thanksgiving myths is completely wrong. The writer might have a Doctorate but his arguments are not based on fact (he gives very few in his piece) and we must remember he worked for THE organization that has purposefully spread lies about the history of Thanksgiving.

Sarah Tollen - 11/8/2009

What was done to the Jewish people in Germany was sick. But even the people who were guily of those crimes do not have a holiday to relish what they did year after year. Millions of native American killed. Millions of Africans killed. And we keep sugar coating what happened and lying to our children to carry on a very sick tradition based on death. We cant forget what happened to these people because history has a way of repeating itself. The children of America are raised on lies and denials
Many go their whole life believing in fairytales that the rest of the world find horrific. The truth will set us all free. Then and only then can we move forward as a whole nation and be respected throughout the world.

Steve Stockford - 11/3/2008

Nice job at trying to discredit A dead college professor who did the academic research needed to set the record straight. Had you done a little more research you would have discovered professor Newell was in fact well learned, and a faculty member at at several prestigious schools including U of Florida, U of Maine, U Penn, and U of Tampa. Newell was also a recognized expert in U.S. Indian relations, giving testimony to the U.S. congress in the early 1970's. I believe William Newell's accounting to be the most true and accurate accounting of the facts. Peraps before you try to discredit someone you shoud do a little more research.

Michael Roy Paulick - 11/8/2005

I agree with Dr. Bangs that there is a great assortment of nonsensical interpretations regarding the Pilgrim thanksgiving celebration of 1621. I believe it is useful to review the documentary sources from that time.
In 1614 John Robinson, the Pilgrim’s pastor and religious teacher, wrote that thanksgiving to God “for other good things [bestowed] upon themselves, and theirs . . . [was merely] a duty of the Christian person, or family. . . ” Later, in the same essay, John Robinson wrote that Leiden Pilgrims must especially serve God with “fervent prayer, and hearty thanksgiving unto God, for his unspeakable goodness . . ..”
Thomas Wilson’s A Christian Dictionarie was first published in 1612 so it is possible that the Pilgrims read it in Leiden and carried it onboard the Mayflower in 1620.
Copies were found in the inventories of some of the Pilgrims and William Brewster had a copy in his library which may have served the community. Wilson’s dictionary offered a religious definition of thanksgiving that included “An acknowledgement and confessing, with gladnesse, of the benefits and deliverances of God . . . to the praise of his Name.” Wilson added Thanksgiving hath in it “Cheerfulnesse, being glad of an occasion to praise him, and doing it gladly, with joy.”
Research into what the Pilgrims themselves were taught and read can, perhaps, shed some light on their intentions. It is likely that they fulfilled their perceived Christian duty by offering thanksgiving and praise to God for their harvest. Many of them were probably glad, joyful, and cheerful to be able to survive on the fruits of their harvest.


Mayflower Descendant

Click to Subscribe

Mayflower Descendant—a journal of Pilgrim genealogy and history—is one of the most highly respected scholarly journals in the field of genealogy.

The journal is published twice per year, in winter and summer. Each issue is approximately 100 pages plus an annual every-name index in summer.

The result of an agreement with the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants (MSMD), the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS) has assumed a ten-year stewardship of the venerable journal the Mayflower Descendant.

First published in 1899 by George Ernest Bowman, founder of the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, which published the journal until 2014, the Mayflower Descendant has long been a highly regarded source of scholarship relating to Mayflower families and related genealogies, their origins in England, and their lives and places of residence in America, from the earliest settlements to their migrations north and westward. Under NEHGS, the Mayflower Descendant will continue to be a significant source of genealogical and historical scholarship and will maintain the Descendant’s historic standards.

Topics to be explored in forthcoming issues:

  • Further genealogical analysis of Pilgrim families in New England and their origins in England and the Netherlands.
  • Towns in Plymouth Colony, England, and the Netherlands with which Pilgrims are associated (similar to items in The Great Migration Newsletter).
  • Genealogical summaries of families in eastern Massachusetts into which Mayflower descendants married, with which they were often associated, or which bore Pilgrim surnames.
  • Mayflower families beyond the fifth generation, often in locations beyond eastern Massachusetts (the “Mayflower diaspora”).
  • Further record transcription from eastern Massachusetts or from areas into which Mayflower descendants moved.

Volume 69, Number 1, Winter 2021

John Wade of Massachusetts and John Wade of Nova Scotia: Are They the Same Man?

Ancestry and History of Philip Delano, Born Philippe de Lannoy: Further Findings about the de Lannoy and Mahieu Families

Notable Mayflower Descendants: Senator Tammy Duckworth

The English Origins of Job, John, Daniel, and Ruth Cole

Eastham and Truro [Mass.] Town Records, 1671–1783 (continued from Vol. 68 [2020]: 76)

Jane Clarke: A Strong Woman
The English Origins of William Collier’s Wife

Additions and Corrections to MD 67 (2019): 138 and MD 68 (2020): 129


Pilgrim Psychiatric Center History: Days of Past and Present

Long Islander’s who pay some of the highest real estate taxes in the Nation, may find this hard to believe, but in 1929, a Brentwood Long Island location was chosen by Governor Alfred Smith to be the sight of a new mental institution because of low land cost. Many years before the urban exit to the suburbs of Long Island and New Jersey, land was actually still pretty cheap in “the country.”

The Pilgrim Psychiatric Center often referred to as the Pilgrim State Psychiatric Center stood once on over 800 acres of land in the town of Brentwood Long Island. The center officially opened in 1931 with an official transfer of about one hundred patients from the nearby Central Islip Psychiatric Center. The center was named after Dr. Charles W. Pilgrim. The doctor had been the New York State Commissioner of Mental Health at the beginning of the 20th century. What was extraordinary about the Pilgrim State Psychiatric Center was the sheer size of the institution. The center became the largest psychiatric center in the nation. The center’s vast amount of buildings and land earned itself a reputation as a city within itself. Because of its size, New York State built within the Psychiatric Center’s infrastructure its own utilities to fuel the complex. The complex provided its own water, electricity, heat and sewage system. The Pilgrim Psychiatric Center also had its owns fire and police departments, post office, church and courts. The open lands at the center were utilized for farming and athletic fields The Pilgrim Psychiatric Center’s infrastructure echoed the same infrastructure one may find at many of New York State’s modern University’s which are usually run on independent grids.

In the 1940’s, a thirteen story building was constructed by the United States Army adjacent to the grounds of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. The building, which also stood parallel to Commack Road, was opened as the Edgewood State Hospital. If you lived on Long Island or ever traveled along Commack Road while the building still stood, you could not help but be completely intimidated by its presence. During World War II, the Edgewood State Hospital was renamed Mason General Hospital. The hospital was named after Brigadier General Charles Field Mason. The hospital system utilized the Edgewood State Hospital building, and a few adjacent buildings that were part of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center complex.

The photograph below is an edited version from the New York Public Library Collection. The photograph displays the grounds of the Mason General Hospital from the Commack Road viewpoint. However, the trees had not yet been planted so its appears to be on open land. Once the trees and brush took over the grounds between the building and Commack Road , the view from the street became more harrowing as drivers only saw the top half of the building looming over the trees. The view of the building was a ghastly sight. There were not many tall buildings on Long Island during the 20th Century. The tallest buildings were the modern looking hotels built along the Long Island Expressway service road and on route 110. Even the factories in Long Island’s industrial parks were under three stories tall. So buildings like the Edgewood State/Mason General Hospital really stood out among the landscape of two story homes and shopping centers.

Photo: Irma and Paul Milstein Division of United States History, Local History and Genealogy, The New York Public Library. “Mason General Hospital near Brentwood, L.I.” New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed March 13, 2017. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/c54de190-a682-0133-e7c0-00505686d14e

What separates Pilgrim Psychiatric Center from other well-known Long Island Psychiatric Centers like Kings Park Psychiatric Center and the Central Islip Psychiatric Center is the fact that the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center is still in operation. In fact, it was in 1996 when New York State closed the Kings Park Psychiatric Center and the Central Islip Psychiatric Center that all patients from those two centers were transferred to the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. In 2017, the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center functions as modern day psychiatric center. The center is utilized for impatient and outpatient services that cover a wide spectrum of illness and rehabilitation issues. There are fifteen patient wards that are spread out among the grounds of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. The Psychiatric Center is also the home of many residential agencies. The grounds still employee a heavy security presence to police the thrill-seekers looking to run through some of the center’s abandoned buildings. While the Kings Park Psychiatric Center which is only a few miles north on the Sagtikos Parkway has become the ultimate ghost town, the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center remains a functioning New York State mental health facility.

Photo: Cole Kachejian Copyright © 2017

Even though the center is currently operational, there are still reminders on the grounds of the dark days of institutional care.Those were the days before the advent of certain medicines brought an end to inhumane treatments. Many of the roads are blocked off and wide open fields lay where buildings were torn down. The red brick buildings serve as a reminder of a sad time when World Wars fueled an abundance of mental health issues. So many lives were destroyed by the experiences of fighting in the wars. What sometimes may be forgotten is the effect that the wars had on the parents, spouses, children and friends of United States soldiers wounded or killed in the wars. While the wars were not the only reason so many people were committed to these hospitals, their psychological effect on society should not be underestimated.

Since the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center is still an open functioning facility, access to the grounds can be easy obtained via the Sagtikos Parkway. The facility has its own exit off the Parkway. Exit S2 connects the off ramp of the Sagtikos Parkway directly onto the grounds of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. The center is not far from the grounds of the Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus. A campus built on the grounds that were once part of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center.


Купить Pilgrim Adventures Complete НАБОР (?)

Все еще не оправившись от судьбоносных событий прошлого эпизода, Гейл пытается найти тихую гавань для себя и своего отца в созвездии Дельта Павлина.

К сожалению, очень быстро она понимает, что политика планеты Лето может быть такой же коварной и непредсказуемой, как и местная погода. Самое ужасное заключается в том, что её отец пропал при загадочных обстоятельствах… Сможет ли она отыскать его прежде, чем враги расправятся с ней?

Ключевые особенности:
• В третьем эпизоде вам предстоит изучить самую большую и насыщенную игровую вселенную во всей серии, путешествуя вместе с капитаном Гейл Пилигрим и её коллегами, по новому и удивительному миру. Изучите космическую станцию, отправляйтесь в город и покорите коварные океаны планеты Лето
• Погрузитесь в новую главу непростой истории жизни Гейл, попадая в сети, расставленные местными политиками, и взаимодействуя с десятками новых игровых персонажей
• Вас ждет от 3 до 5 часов игрового процесса в новом расширенном эпизоде космической саги капитана Пилигрим
• На протяжении четырех эпизодов этой невероятной саги вам предстоит отправиться в путешествие по космическим станциям, колониям, городам и островам, разбросанным по замысловатой футуристичной вселенной, общаться с десятками игровых персонажей и погрузиться в игровой процесс общей продолжительностью более 10 часов (Обратите внимание: делая данный заказ, вы оплачиваете ТОЛЬКО третий эпизод)
• Поддержка управления с помощью мыши, клавиатуры и игрового контроллера


Assista o vídeo: 1000 AD - A Tour of Europe. Medieval History Documentary