Henry Wilson (Jeremiah Colbath)

Henry Wilson (Jeremiah Colbath)

Henry Wilson nasceu Jeremiah Colbath em Farmington, New Hampshire, em 16 de fevereiro de 1812. Um trabalhador rural contratado aos dez anos de idade, mudou seu nome para Henry Wilson após obter sua liberdade em 1833. Wilson então se mudou para Natick, Massachusetts, onde se tornou sapateiro.

Durante uma visita a Washington, Wilson observou um leilão de escravos. Chocado com o que viu, Wilson tornou-se um membro ativo do movimento antiescravista.

Wilson frequentou a Concord Academy antes de se tornar professor. Em 1848, ele adquiriu e começou a editar o Boston Republican. Wilson não foi eleito governador de Massachusetts em 1853, mas dois anos depois ganhou uma cadeira no Senado. Ele ingressou no Partido Republicano e foi reeleito em 1859.

Um forte oponente da escravidão, Wilson criou e comandou o 22º Regimento da Infantaria Voluntária de Massachusetts durante a Guerra Civil Americana. Ele também atuou como presidente da Comissão de Assuntos Militares (1861-65).

Wilson, como outros republicanos radicais, se opôs às tentativas de Johnson de vetar o Projeto de Lei dos Direitos Civis e os Atos de Reconstrução e votou por seu impeachment em 1868. Durante este período, ele escreveu a História da Ascensão e Queda do Poder Escravo na América em 3 volumes ( 1872).

Em 1872, o presidente Ulysses S. Grant escolheu Wilson como seu companheiro de chapa. Henry Wilson serviu como vice-presidente até sua morte em Washington em 22 de novembro de 1875.


Henry Wilson (Jeremiah Colbath) - História

Wilson nasceu Jeremiah Colbath, em Farmington, perto de onde o Farmington Country Club está atualmente. Nascido em uma família pobre, Jeremias teve vários irmãos que morreram em idade precoce. Sua família o contratou para ser o servo de um fazendeiro próximo dos 10 aos 21 anos. Ele trabalhou muito e muito, de sol a sol, por 11 meses a cada ano. a servidão contratada é apenas outra forma de escravidão. Ele deixou Farmington quando seu tempo de servidão terminou e aprendeu o comércio de calçados em Natick, Massachusetts. Lá, ele mudou legalmente seu nome para Henry Wilson, saiu da pobreza e entrou na política. Mas ele nunca esqueceu suas raízes Farmington e dias de servidão. Ele se tornou um grande debatedor e um defensor do movimento anti-escravidão. Ele acabou se tornando um senador dos EUA, lutou na Batalha de Bull Run e foi fundamental para convencer o presidente Lincoln a emitir a Proclamação de Emancipação. Ele se tornou vice-presente de Ulysses S. Grant e escreveu A ascensão e queda do poder dos escravos nos Estados Unidos, uma narrativa histórica importante.

Henry Wilson Memorial School
Os alunos da Henry Wilson Memorial School seguirão a paixão de Wilson, escrevendo ensaios sobre a escravidão e sua abolição. Os ensaios serão concluídos antes do início de fevereiro, que é o mês da História Negra. A Farmington Historical Society está doando US $ 100 para serem usados ​​como prêmio em dinheiro para os ensaios vencedores. Os alunos serão divididos em duas categorias, do 4º ao 6º ano do Ensino Fundamental e do Ensino Médio, do 7º ao 8º ano. Os vencedores do primeiro lugar receberão $ 25, o segundo lugar, $ 15, e o terceiro lugar, $ 10. As redações serão revisadas pelos professores da sala de aula, sendo as melhores encaminhadas para julgamento. Um membro da equipe da escola, o Presidente da Sociedade Histórica e o presidente nacional do WOOF (Wilson Out of Obscurity Forthwith) formarão o trio de juízes que concederão os prêmios finais em cada categoria.
O ensaio mais importante em cada categoria será publicado na edição de 16 de fevereiro do Rochester Times, que coincide com o 200º aniversário de Henry Wilson.

Em 8 de junho, o presidente nacional do WOOF, John Nolan, apresentará o 200º aniversário do aniversário de Henry Wilson Show, como parte da celebração do 200º aniversário em Farmington. Esta apresentação da Sociedade Histórica será realizada no Farmington Recreation Center.
Visite a guia Próximos eventos neste site para obter detalhes.


The Natick Cobbler & # 8211 Henry Wilson, Parte 1

A vida de Henry Wilson, segundo vice-presidente do presidente U.S. Grant, foi uma verdadeira história de sucesso americana. Nascido na pobreza, ele subiu na escada econômica até se tornar um homem rico. Ele então entrou na política e novamente se tornou um sucesso. Após três mandatos no Senado dos EUA, ele foi nomeado e eleito vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos.

Ele nasceu Jeremiah Jones Colbath em 16 de fevereiro de 1812 em Farmington, New Hampshire. Seu pai preguiçoso e bêbado deu-lhe o nome de um homem rico local, na esperança de ganho financeiro imediato ou eventual herança. Claro, nenhum desses aconteceu. Wilson odiava o nome e mudou-o assim que atingiu a maioridade. Ele escolheu o nome Henry Wilson inspirado na biografia de um professor da Filadélfia chamado Henry Wilson ou no retrato do Rev. Henry Wilson que apareceu em um livro sobre clérigos ingleses.

Na idade de dez anos, o pai de Wilson o ensinou a um fazendeiro local por um período de onze anos. De acordo com o contrato, Wilson deveria ter pelo menos um mês de escolaridade formal por ano, se não houvesse trabalho a ser feito. Wilson raramente conseguia ir à escola por mais do que alguns dias de cada vez. Ele compensou essa falta de educação formal lendo todos os livros que pôde encontrar. Ele estava determinado a melhorar sua situação de vida, e passava todo o seu tempo livre tentando melhorar, principalmente lendo. Na idade de dezenove anos, ele fez uma promessa de abstinência de álcool e nunca mais bebeu álcool novamente.

Em 1833, Jeremiah Jones Colbath atingiu a idade de 21 anos e foi libertado de seu aprendizado. Depois de mudar seu nome para Henry Wilson, ele foi para Boston e se estabeleceu na cidade de Natick nos arredores de Boston. Aprendeu o ofício de sapateiro e tornou-se sapateiro. Em férias em Washington, Wilson teve seu primeiro contato com escravos que trabalhavam nos campos e nos armazéns e leilões de escravos. Wilson decidiu fazer tudo o que pudesse para acabar com a escravidão e, a partir de então, foi ativo no movimento antiescravista. Anos depois, quando era membro do Senado dos Estados Unidos, ele teve grande orgulho em apresentar uma legislação que acabou com a escravidão no Distrito federal de Columbia.

Após sua viagem a Washington, Wilson voltou para Natick. Mesmo estando no meio da depressão econômica criada pelo Pânico de 1837, a fábrica de Wilson foi um grande sucesso. Em vez de fazer sapatos sozinho, ele contratou trabalhadores terceirizados e supervisionou seu trabalho. Ele produziu uma quantidade muito maior de sapatos a um custo menor e fez fortuna.

Agora rico, Wilson mudou-se com sua família para uma casa grande e elegante. Casou-se com Harriet Malvina Howe em 1840. Ela fora aluna dele durante seu breve mandato como professor, quando ele estava começando no negócio de calçados. Uma grande ajuda para ele ao longo de sua carreira, ela morreu em 1870 e não conseguiu vê-lo eleito vice-presidente.

Wilson nutria ambições políticas desde sua viagem a Washington. Agora, com riqueza e sucesso, ele entrou na política. Wilson apoiou os grandes movimentos reformistas de sua época, como a temperança (ele havia prestado juramento aos 19 anos), a reforma educacional e, especialmente, o antiescravismo. Embora tivesse uma origem pobre e trabalhadora, era de se esperar que ele ingressasse no Partido Democrata, que era o partido dos trabalhadores. Mas Wilson se juntou ao Partido Whig da classe alta porque eles favoreciam as reformas que ele considerava tão importantes. Os Whigs, buscando expandir sua base política e atrair novos membros e eleitores, tiraram grande proveito da origem da classe trabalhadora de Wilson. Seu apelido de “Natick Cobbler” fez dele um candidato atraente, e ele foi o indicado Whig para vários cargos. Em 1841-1842, Wilson serviu como membro da Câmara dos Representantes de Massachusetts e serviu no Senado de Massachusetts de 1844-1846 e novamente de 1850-1852.

Em 1848, ele foi um dos fundadores do Partido do Solo Livre, de curta duração. Em 1852, ele serviu como presidente da convenção nacional do Partido do Solo Livre quando esta se reuniu em Pittsburgh, Pensilvânia. Ele concorreu mais tarde naquele ano a uma vaga no Congresso pela chapa do Free Soil, mas foi derrotado. Com o fim do Free Soil Party, Wilson juntou-se ao American, ou Know-Nothing Party. Ele se juntou a este partido por causa de seu potencial de se opor à escravidão, e não porque ele favorecia sua filosofia anti-imigração. Em 1854, ele mudou para o Partido Republicano e concorreu ao governador de Massachusetts, mas foi novamente derrotado. Mais tarde naquele ano, os Know-Nothings, combinados com os Free Soilers e alguns democratas na legislatura, elegeram-no para o Senado dos EUA. Isso fez com que alguns republicanos acusassem ele de ter lançado a eleição para governador para o Know-Nothings em troca da cadeira no Senado dos EUA. Essa acusação não o impediu de ser eleito republicano para o Senado dos EUA.

Em 1848, Wilson comprou um jornal, o Boston Republican, que editou pessoalmente. Ele vendeu o jornal em 1851. Em 1853, ele foi um delegado da Convenção Constitucional de Massachusetts. Durante esse tempo, ele também se juntou à milícia de Massachusetts e chegou ao posto de general de brigada. Orgulhoso dessa conquista, Wilson usou o título de “General Wilson” pelo resto de sua carreira política.

Em 1854, Wilson concorreu como candidato do novo Partido Republicano para o Senado dos EUA e venceu. Ele serviu no Senado dos Estados Unidos de 31 de janeiro de 1855 até renunciar em 4 de março de 1873 para se tornar o vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos. Ele tirou licença do Senado no início da Guerra Civil para organizar pessoalmente um regimento de soldados de Massachusetts, o 22º Massachusetts, um regimento de infantaria que serviu durante todo o conflito. Wilson os levou para a Virgínia em outubro de 1861, onde continuou o treinamento. Quando o regimento entrou em combate na Campanha da Península em 1862, Wilson havia retornado ao Senado.

No Senado, Wilson atuou como presidente do importante Comitê de Assuntos Militares. Ele tendia a ficar do lado da ala fortemente antiescravista do Partido Republicano, que muitas vezes o colocava em conflito com as políticas do presidente Lincoln. Após a guerra, ele apoiou a Reconstrução Radical e votou pela remoção de Andrew Johnson do cargo no julgamento de impeachment em 1868.


Farmington New Hampshire Vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos: Jeremiah Jones Colbath, também conhecido como Henry Wilson (1812-1874)

Ele nasceu como Jeremiah Jones Colbath em Farmington, Strafford Co., NH em 16 de fevereiro de 1812.

Jeremiah Jones Colbath, também conhecido como Henry Wilson

Ele levou a vida normal de um menino de fazenda até o verão de 1822, quando foi contratado por um fazendeiro trabalhador de sua vizinhança, o Sr. Knight, até a idade de 21 anos. Ele deveria ter um mês de escolaridade no inverno, comida e roupas, e seis ovelhas e uma junta de bois entregues a ele quando seu serviço terminasse. Vizinhos gentis lhe emprestaram livros para que ele pudesse continuar sua própria educação e, segundo consta, na época em que terminou seu contrato de trabalho, ele havia lido mil volumes de história, biografia, filosofia e literatura geral.

Em 1833, já maior de idade (21 anos) por ato da legislatura do NH, mudou seu nome para Henry Wilson (supostamente feito a conselho de família e com a aprovação de seus pais). Incapazes de conseguir um emprego em New Hampshire, fomos para Massachusetts em busca de sua fortuna e chegamos a Natick. Lá ele se contratou para o Sr. William P. Legro, como aprendiz de sapateiro & # 8217s, e aprendeu o ofício.

Fotografia de VP Henry Wilson, do livro New Hampshire Biography and Autobiography, de F.B. Sanborn, julho de 1906, página 75

Em 1835 ele ajudou a formar a The Natick Debating Society, que continuou até se fundir com o Natick Lyceum. Em 1836, sua saúde piorou e, a conselho de um médico, ele viajou para o sul, para Washington D.C. Enquanto estava lá, ele observou a escravidão em suas várias formas e & # 8220 tornou-se endurecido contra ela. & # 8221

Após seu retorno do sul, ele foi para Strafford NH e começou um curso de estudos na academia em Wolfsboro, em & # 8220Winnipiseogee Lake, & # 8221 depois de dar aulas em um inverno na escola distrital. Na primavera de 1837, ele começou a estudar na academia em Concord NH, onde, entre outras disciplinas, estudou elocução. Naquele mesmo ano, um cavalheiro de Farmington NH a quem havia emprestado dinheiro, faliu nos negócios e o deixou sem um centavo. Com a ajuda de amigos, ele conseguiu continuar na academia até o outono de 1837, quando partiu novamente para Natick MA. Lá ele ensinou na escola e pagou suas dívidas. E aqui ele começou a fabricar sapatos, o que continuou por dez anos.

O Sr. Wilson era contra o uso de bebidas intoxicantes e, em 1831, ingressou em uma sociedade de temperança e, em 1867, fez um discurso contra isso em Tremont Temple, Boston MA. Em 1840, ele fez campanha e falou por William Henry Harrison. Ele foi eleito um representante da cidade de Natick para o Tribunal Geral de Massachusetts, onde foi um orador eloqüente. Em novembro de 1842, ele foi candidato ao Senado Estadual, mas foi derrotado. Em 1844 ele ganhou uma cadeira no senado e novamente em 1845. Ele trabalhou pelos direitos do trabalhador e da população negra (inclusive defendendo seu direito a assentos em vagões ferroviários e admissão em escolas públicas).

Em 1843 foi eleito major do primeiro regimento de artilharia (sem seu conhecimento), seguido pela eleição para coronel do mesmo regimento em junho de 1846. Em 1846, ele recusou a candidatura ao Senado e, em vez disso, tomou assento na Câmara dos Representantes. Ele continuou por vários anos mais envolvido na arena política.
Legislatura do Estado de Massachusetts e # 8211 (1840-1846 e 1850-1852)
Senado dos EUA, representando Massachusetts & # 8211 (1855-1873)

Em 1871 ele passou o verão no exterior. Ele deixou Nova York na & # 8220The Scotia & # 8221 e viajou mais de seis mil milhas pela Europa, visitando Amsterdã, Berlim, Viena e muitas outras cidades.

Ele ganhou a nomeação e, em 1873, foi eleito vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos no governo do presidente Ulysses S. Grant. Em 4 de março de 1873, o Sr. Wilson tomou posse como presidente do Senado dos Estados Unidos.

Enquanto ainda era vice-presidente, em 22 de novembro de 1875 (64 anos) ele morreu em seu quarto no Capitol Building, em Washington DC, com um assistente ao lado de sua cama. Na quinta-feira seguinte, seu corpo foi exposto na Rotunda do Capitólio e foi visitado por milhares. Canhões foram disparados, sinos dobraram. A câmara do senado estava envolta em luto. A cadeira do vice-presidente estava decorada com crepe. O caixão foi carregado por doze soldados. O carro funerário foi puxado por dez cavalos pretos e o carrilhão da Igreja de Santo Estêvão & # 8217s repeliu a & # 8220Morte Marcha. & # 8221 Os restos mortais foram transportados para sepultamento em Natick, Massachusetts.

Em relação aos esforços de VP Wilson pela liberdade e igualdade dos afro-americanos, três homens negros notáveis, Frederick Douglass, Robert Purvis e James Wormley, foram selecionados com o Comitê do Senado para acompanhar seus restos mortais de Washington a Massachusetts.

Daniel C. French criou um busto de Henry Wilson em 1885. [Veja também este PDF]

O livro, & # 8220Landmarks of Dover, & # 8221 afirma que Broth Hill, encontrado na extremidade sul de Durham NH, também chamado de & # 8220 distrito de Broth-Hill & # 8221, provavelmente foi derivado da família Coolbroth que viveu aqui .

Um marcador histórico NH (# 98) em homenagem a Henry Wilson, foi colocado em Farmington NH em 1975. O marcador está localizado no lado leste da NH Route 153, na entrada do Farmington Country Club. [Em Farmington, a Rota 11 e também uma escola têm o nome dele, ou seja, Henry Wilson].

& # 8211Biografia: Henry Wilson, da Encyclopedia of Massachusetts

Fontes para a biografia e a árvore genealógica:
1. A vida e os serviços públicos de Henry Wilson: ex-vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos por Elias Nason, Thomas Russell, publicado em 1876
2. A Vida de Henry Wilson: Candidato Republicano a Vice-presidente, 1872
Por Jonathan Bacon Mann publicado em 1872: J.R. Osgood and Company
3. O Capitólio Nacional: sua arquitetura, arte e história.
4. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, de Frederick Douglass, página 511
5. Registro NEHGS 32: 261 [biografia completa e genealogia parcial]

A família Colbath é originária de Argyleshire na Escócia, emigrou para o norte da Irlanda nos tempos difíceis de James the First, daí para a América, e se estabeleceu em Newington NH no início do século dezoito. A forma mais antiga em que o nome de família aparece neste país é Colbreath, Coolbroth, Calbreath e Colbath.

James Coolbroth / Colbath nasceu por volta de 1715, foi batizado em 19 de setembro de 1725 em Newington NH e morreu por volta de 1800 em Middleton, Strafford Co NH. Ele se casou em 1738 em Newington, Rockingham Co H, com Olive Leighton. Ela b. 1720 em Newington NH e d. 1800 em Middleton NH. Ele fez negócios em Portsmouth NH de 1750 a 1783, quando se mudou para Middleton, no condado de Stratford NH, onde morreu em 1800, em idade avançada.
Filhos de James e Olive (Leighton) Colbreath:
1. Leighton Colbath, b. 3 de novembro de 1739 em Durham, Strafford Co NH m. Deborah Leighton residia em Durham NH e Boothbay, Lincoln Co ME
2. Independence Colbath, b. 17 de fevereiro de 1743 em Newington, Rockingham Co NH, ele se casou e teve filhos.
3. Hunking Colbath, b. 17 de fevereiro de 1744 em Newington NH casado com Susannah Knight teve problemas e residia em Rochester, Strafford Co NH
4. Deborah Colbath, b. 9 de outubro de 1745 em Newington NH casado em Greeland NH com Charles
Cavaleiro.
5. Keziah Colbath, b. abt 1750 em Newington NH, d. 16 de junho de 1751
6. + Winthrop Colbath, b. 18 de março de 1751 em Newington NH
7. Amy Colbath, b. 9 de julho de 1758 em Newington NH
8. Benning Colbath, b. 28 de maio de 1762 em Newington NH m. Mary Rollins teve problema b. em Rochester, Strafford Co NH

Winthrop Colbreath / Colbath, b. 18 de março de 1751 em Newington, Rockingham Co NH e d. 11 de maio de 1831 em Farmington, Strafford Co NH He m. 25 de novembro de 1773 em Farmington NH para Hannah Rollins de Newington NH, dau de Archibald e Mary Rollins. Ela b. 8 de setembro de 1750 na Groenlândia, Rockingham Co NH e d. 1829. eles se mudaram para Rochester NH (agora Farmington) por volta de 1783 ou pouco antes do nascimento de seu filho Winthrop. Possivelmente, ele é o Winthrop Colbath mostrado nos US Revolutionary War Rolls (1775-1783) como Quarter Master Sergeant de NH.
Filhos de Winthrop e Hannah (Rollins) Colbath:
1. George Colbath, b. 26 de julho de 1766 em Newington, Rockingham Co NH he m. 1796 para Mary Knight. Eles tiveram 11 filhos nascidos em Middleton, Strafford Co NH.
2. + Winthrop Colbath Jr., B. 7 de abril de 1787

Winthrop Colbath Jr., Filho de Winthrop & amp Hannah (Rollins) Colbath, nasceu em 7 de abril de 1787, e d. 10 de fevereiro de 1860 em Natick MA He m. 14 de outubro de 1811 em Farmington NH para Abigail Witham. Ela b. 21 de março de 1785 em Kittery, York Co ME, e d. 8 de agosto de 1866 em Natick MA. Ambos estão enterrados no cemitério de Natick MA, com lápides de mármore colocadas por seu filho. Na época do nascimento de seu filho & # 8217, eles moravam em uma pequena cabana na margem direita do rio Cocheco, cerca de uma milha ao sul da & # 8220Dock & # 8221 (vila). Uma fonte afirma que todos os vestígios da habitação foram apagados há muito tempo. Winthrop era diarista e dirigia uma serraria no rio abaixo de sua casa.
Filhos de Winthrop e Abigail (Witham) Colbath:
1. + Jeremiah Jones Colbath, b. 16 de fevereiro de 1812 em Farmington NH mudou o nome para Henry Wilson
2. John Francis Colbath, b. 21 de março de 1815 em Farmington NH d. 2 de outubro de 1897 em Whitefield NH Ele se casou em 1º) 1842 em Natick MA com Sarah D. Jones. Ela b. 1821 em Natick MA. Ele se casou em 2 de 1857 em Nashua NH com Lydia Ann Parsons. Ela b. 17 de julho de 1827 em Compton Quebec, e d. 9 de maio de 1915 em Whitefield, Coos Co NH. Fazendeiro teve filhos: Harriet Wilson, John Henry, Charles Francis, Mary Parsons e Nellie.
3. Charles H. Colbath, b abt 1816 em Farmington NH e d. 27 de março de 1877 em Hingham, Plymouth Co MA Ele m 10 de dezembro de 1841 em Hingham MA para Eliza C. Newcomb. Ela b. 6 de junho de 1826 e d. 6 de fevereiro de 1907 em Hingham MA. Ele era um cortador de pedras. Teve filhos: Abigail Wilson, Ianthe Elizabeth, Harriet Francis, Abna, Oscar Henry, Charles Winthrop, Eliza Newcomb, Charles Hamilton.
4. Samuel Colbath, b. 10 de agosto de 1818 em Farmington NH porteiro no Senado dos Estados Unidos, Washington DC
5. George Albert Colbath, b. 15 de julho de 1821 em Farmington NH d. 19 de novembro de 1894 em Natick MA He m. 17 de março de 1844 em Natick MA para Hannah Marie Howe. Ela b. por volta de 1829 em Boston MA ele foi inspetor da Alfândega em Boston MA. Teve problema: William Herbert, Ella Marie, Abby D., Laura A., Emma F. e Flora H.


Henry Wilson (Jeremiah Colbath) - História

Henry Wilson (16 de fevereiro de 1812 - 22 de novembro de 1875) foi um senador de Massachusetts e o décimo oitavo vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos.

Wilson nasceu Jeremiah Jones Colbath em Farmington, New Hampshire. Seu pai lhe deu o nome de um vizinho solteiro e financeiramente bem-sucedido na esperança de obter uma herança para seu filho. O jovem Jeremias aprendeu a odiar o nome e prometeu a si mesmo que o mudaria assim que fosse maior de idade. Seu pai, que estava desempregado a maior parte do tempo, fez um acordo com um fazendeiro vizinho e "Jeremias" foi contratado como aprendiz aos 10 anos com a obrigação de trabalhar até os 21 anos. Ele só tinha permissão para frequentar a escola por um mês do ano. Seu pouco de educação formal incluiu as academias Strafford, Wolfeboro e Concord, mas nunca se formou. No entanto, ele complementou sua educação lendo qualquer livro que pudesse encontrar na casa da fazenda ou pedir emprestado a um vizinho. Seus assuntos favoritos eram história, biografias e filosofia. Ele foi adotado por Henry Wilson e sua esposa, que só tinha dois filhos. Lembrando-se do problema com a bebida de seu pai, "Jeremiah" jurou aos 19 anos que nunca consumiria álcool. Em 1833, ele teve seu nome legalmente mudado pelo legislativo para Henry Wilson. Ele procurou trabalho em New Hampshire e, quando não conseguiu encontrar o que queria, caminhou 160 quilômetros até Boston, Massachusetts. Ao chegar lá, ele conheceu um amigo que o ensinou a fazer sapatos. Ele se mudou para Natick, Massachusetts em 1833, onde lecionou na escola e se dedicou à fabricação de sapatos.

Ele se deu ao luxo de uma viagem a Washington D.C. na esperança de ver o Congresso, a Casa Branca e todo o processo de governo sobre o qual havia lido. Em vez disso, sua atenção se concentrou nos escravos negros que viu do outro lado do Potomac, na Virgínia, e nos currais de escravos à vista do edifício do Capitólio. Ele ficou chocado com o que viu e jurou que dedicaria sua vida à abolição da escravidão. Quando voltou para a Natick, interessou-se por política e juntou-se à Natick Debating Society. Ele foi um forte defensor da temperança, da reforma educacional e da abolição da escravidão.

Em vez de se juntar aos democratas, como fez a maioria da classe trabalhadora, Wilson juntou-se aos Whigs. Em 1841, como candidato à legislatura do estado de Massachusetts, foi apelidado de "O sapateiro de Natick". Ele foi capaz de apelar para os trabalhadores da fábrica e outros que geralmente votavam nos democratas. Ele foi eleito para a legislatura de Massachusetts e serviu de 1841 a 1852. Wilson tinha investido dinheiro no jornal Boston Republic e serviu como seu editor de 1848 a 1851. Durante esse tempo ele se juntou à milícia Natick e foi nomeado general, um título que reivindicaria com orgulho pelo resto de sua vida.

Wilson foi um candidato malsucedido ao Congresso dos Estados Unidos em 1852. Ele foi um delegado à convenção constitucional estadual em 1853 e foi um candidato malsucedido a Governador de Massachusetts em 1853. Mas sua sorte política mudou quando uma coalizão de Free Soilers, o Partido Americano, e os democratas o elegeram para o Senado dos Estados Unidos em 1855 para preencher a vaga deixada pelo senador que se aposentava Edward Everett (Everett foi um dos oradores mais populares de seu tempo. Ele falou por duas horas em Gettysburg antes do famoso discurso de Lincoln). Foi reeleito para o Senado como membro do novo partido Republicano em 1859, 1865 e 1871, e serviu de 31 de janeiro de 1855 a 3 de março de 1873, quando renunciou ao cargo de vice-presidente. Ele foi presidente da Comissão de Assuntos Militares e da Milícia e da Comissão de Assuntos Militares. Como senador, Wilson tornou-se membro dos republicanos radicais e pressionou por plenos direitos civis e políticos para os negros libertos.

Em 1861, ele levantou e comandou o Vigésimo Segundo Regimento da Infantaria Voluntária de Massachusetts. Ele marchou com suas tropas para Washington D.C. e depois voltou para seu escritório no Senado.

Quando as tropas da União se mudaram para o sul, para a Virgínia em Manassas, para o que se tornou a Batalha de Bull Run, o senador Wilson empacotou uma cesta cheia de sanduíches e os levou de carruagem para as tropas. No que veio a ser conhecido como "A batalha do piquenique", as tropas da União foram derrotadas e a carruagem de Wilson foi esmagada. Ele foi forçado a fazer uma retirada apressada de volta a Washington.

Com a aproximação da eleição de 1864, Wilson pensou que Lincoln deveria ser substituído na chapa por um republicano mais radical. Quando Andrew Johnson mais tarde se tornou presidente, Wilson ficou desapontado com sua leniência para com os Estados rebeldes e juntou-se aos que exigiam o impeachment.

Em 1868, ele viajou pelo Sul em campanha por Grant, chamando-o de "O Herói de Appomattox". Ele esperava obter a indicação para vice-presidente, mas, em vez disso, ela foi para o presidente da Câmara, Shuyler Colfax.

Em 1872, o The New York Sun publicou acusações de suborno e outras formas de corrupção do escândalo do Credit Mobilier. Wilson foi um dos nomeados, mas sobreviveu à investigação e foi eleito vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos na chapa republicana com o presidente Ulysses S. Grant e serviu de 4 de março de 1873 até sua morte em 1875.

Em maio de 1873, o vice-presidente sofreu um derrame. Sua saúde o impedia de exercer as funções de presidente do Senado, mas Wilson ainda queria ter um papel ativo na política. Enquanto estava acamado, ele escreveu a História da Ascensão e Queda do Poder Escravo na América.


Henry Wilson (Jeremiah Colbath) - História


Sexta-feira, 24 de julho de 2009 - Uma semana antes, peguei o Metrowest Daily News para uma caminhada na floresta para divulgar essa nova trilha e seu contínuo abandono. Eu tenho mais do que esperava.
O artigo apareceu no Natick Bulletin and Tab da última sexta-feira, onde era o artigo principal da página um!
O repórter Charlie Breitrose e o fotógrafo Allan Jung me encantaram com um tratamento bom e complexo do vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos, Henry Wilson, e deste projeto memorial. Além disso, fotos exuberantes da trilha e do Lago Fisk, e até um vídeo surpresa para dar as boas-vindas à nossa nova trilha!
Curiosamente, o artigo do newpaper não mencionou o vídeo, deu instruções de direção ou link para esta página da web que o faz. Então, espalhe a notícia, que agora está online (aqui) em:
http://www.millermicro.com/HenryWilsonHistoryTrail.html

Há muito se discute a criação de uma trilha nas terras do Parque Estadual de Cochituate ao longo da extremidade leste de Fisk Pond, água adjacente menor ao nosso grande Lago Cochituate, que em 1846-48 se tornou o primeiro reservatório público de água potável da cidade de Boston. A trilha está listada no Natick & # 8217s Open Space Advisory Committee e # 8217s Master Trail Plan. Melhorias recentes na Rota 135 (West Central Street) forneceram um novo estacionamento e faixa de pedestres neste início de trilha proposto, conectando-se ao Middlesex Path existente (a antiga linha ferroviária Boston-Albany até 1895) e através dos trilhos atuais de Pegan Cove Park (um conhecido local de acampamento indígena pré-colonial). É também o extremo oeste do distrito histórico local de Henry Wilson, onde sua casa é preservada.

A & # 8220ten-footer & # 8221 Henry Wilson Shoe Shop, onde Henry Wilson aprendeu a fazer sapatos, fica aproximadamente meia milha mais a oeste na Rte. 135, e está listado no Registro Nacional de Locais Históricos. A trilha proposta também passará pelo Old Dell Park Cemetery, onde Wilson, sua esposa e filho (um oficial da Guerra Civil presidindo um regimento do exército negro) estão enterrados. Além disso, a trilha & # 8217s que conecta o Middlesex Path passa por uma entrada conhecida para um local da ferrovia subterrânea, uma lembrança do movimento abolicionista de Wilson & # 8217 em ação em Natick.

Do Old Dell Park Cemetery, a trilha se conectará com o Campus Drive, proporcionando acesso ao Dug Pond, nossa High School, campos recreativos, praia, pista de patinação e campo de golfe. Existe uma área de estacionamento adicional na entrada do Campus Drive. As áreas de estacionamento em cada extremidade da Henry Wilson History Trail servem aos locais de pesca favoritos em ambos os lagos e na margem sul do Lago Cochituate.

Em conclusão, acreditamos que esta proposta de trilha é única em suas conexões a trilhas e caminhos existentes, a locais e eventos historicamente significativos locais e nacionais, e é apropriadamente nomeada em homenagem ao vice-presidente Henry Wilson. Temos um grande impulso e apoio em toda a administração municipal e comitês. Como representantes de nossa história local, pedimos seu apoio ao financiamento deste projeto. Isso beneficiará nossa comunidade, incentivando o uso de trilhas de caminhada contínuas, orientadas para o destino, e educará os usuários sobre a vida de um de nossos cidadãos mais proeminentes.


A Tale of Two Henrys

Hoje, estou pensando em dois homens nascidos nesta data, ambos na órbita de Abraham Lincoln. Ambos também fizeram sua reputação em Massachusetts - e ambos foram nomeados Henry. No entanto, eles eram tão diferentes quanto os homens poderiam ser.

Henry Wilson nasceu em uma pobreza extrema e teve sucesso nos mais altos escalões do governo. Henry Adams, um filho da fama e do privilégio, explodiu em Washington e se retirou para uma sinecura protegida na academia. O primeiro - o outrora influente Henry - está esquecido hoje. Este último - aquele que fracassou para cima - ainda é amplamente aclamado. Mas, como observou outro político da Nova Inglaterra, quem disse que a vida era justa?

A infância de Henry Wilson, conforme observou o historiador oficial do Senado dos Estados Unidos, & ldquores montou um romance de Dickens. & Rdquo Nascido em 16 de fevereiro de 1812, em New Hampshire, seu pai indolente chamou o filho de Jeremiah Jones Colbath em homenagem a um vizinho rico na esperança de se agraciar com o homem, um solteiro. O esquema falhou e o sofrimento da família Colbath continuou.

& ldquoQuer sentar-se ao lado do meu berço & rdquo, escreveu ele mais tarde. & ldquoSei o que é pedir pão a uma mãe quando ela não tem nada para dar. & rdquo

Quando ele tinha 10 anos, seu pai deu o menino como aprendiz a uma família em outra fazenda da Nova Inglaterra, onde trabalhou até completar 21 anos. Nessa época, nosso herói havia adquirido uma educação autodidata - ele lia todos os livros na casa da fazenda - um compromisso de toda a vida com a abstinência de álcool e um novo nome que ele escolheu: Henry Wilson.

Recém-libertado, ele partiu para Boston, caminhando 160 quilômetros antes de se estabelecer em Natick, onde começou a fazer sapatos. Em três anos, ele economizou dinheiro suficiente para viajar para Washington, D.C., atraído pela possibilidade de servir a seu país. Em vez de se inspirar, quando chegou à capital, ficou chocado. He&rsquod seen enslaved people working in the fields of Maryland and witnessed slave auctions within sight of the U.S. Capitol. On the spot, he formed a determination to devote himself to the cause of emancipation.

Returning to the Boston area, Wilson turned his small cobbler&rsquos business into a lucrative factory, joined the Whig Party, and participated in the Natick Debating Society. Soon the Whigs were running him for office in the state legislature. There, Wilson developed an antipathy toward the snooty Brahmins who controlled Massachusetts politics . But his deeper opprobrium was reserved for Southern planters and their Democratic Party apologists. &ldquoFreedom and slavery are now arrayed against each other,&rdquo he wrote. &ldquoWe must destroy slavery, or it will destroy liberty.&rdquo

He invested in an abolitionist newspaper, which he edited from 1848 to 1851, joined the fledging Republican Party, and raised and commanded a local militia unit.

By the time the Civil War arrived, &ldquoGen. Wilson&rdquo was in the U.S. Senate, serving alongside fellow abolitionist firebrand Charles Sumner. Wilson was among those who rode out to Manassas in a carriage to witness the first set-piece battle of the war. After Union soldiers were routed from the field, Henry Wilson returned to Massachusetts, raised a real militia this time, with himself as its colonel, and returned with his unit to Washington. Despite his desires, Sen. Wilson had neither the training nor aptitude for actual soldiering -- he could barely ride a horse --so he resigned his commission and assumed the post in which he could best help Abraham Lincoln and Gen. Ulysses Grant: chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs.

After the war, he became President Grant&rsquos second-term running mate (pictured, above). Henry Wilson&rsquos ambitions were not yet quenched, and he might have become the 19 th U.S. president instead of Rutherford B. Hayes, but his health failed him. He didn&rsquot live long enough to finish out his term and was soon forgotten.

Henry Adams&rsquo entire life was a different story. Born on Feb. 16, 1838, to wealth and status -- he was the grandson of John Quincy Adams and the great-grandson of John Adams -- he seemed destined for greatness, at least in his own mind. According to the leading lights of American letters, he achieved it.

After serving as secretary to his father, Charles Francis Adams, who was Lincoln&rsquos ambassador to Great Britain during the Civil War, he returned to the States and made his name as a journalist and scholar. His nine-volume &ldquoHistory of the United States and America During the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison&rdquo was highly praised and is still considered a masterpiece by historians I respect. Under an assumed name, Adams wrote a riveting novel titled &ldquoDemocracy,&rdquo and his posthumously published memoir, &ldquoThe Education of Henry Adams,&rdquo won a Pulitzer Prize and the honor of being named by the parent company of Random House as the best English-language nonfiction book of the 20 th century. It&rsquos well- written, but all this is errant nonsense.

Henry Adams, for all his literary gifts, never grasped the basics of the profession he was drawn to and that denied him a foothold. For this, he blamed Ulysses Grant, although the fault was all his own. Adams was not only acerbic and petty, which alienated those he was trying to influence, but he viewed every difference of opinion or tactics as a matter of principle. Anyone who didn&rsquot agree with him was corrupt, in his telling. Ostensibly, his dispute with the famous general-turned-president is that Grant populated his administration with party hacks, many of whom came recommended by Republicans in Congress. Adams&rsquo view, which he couched as an argument over separation of powers, was that political patronage jobs should be solely based on merit. Here, Adams harked back to George Washington, a paragon of nonpartisanship, to be sure (but also a man who found Henry Adams grandfather exasperating for exhibiting the same undiplomatic and graceless compulsions). As usual, Henry Adams resorted to ad hominem insults to make his argument. One of them is famous to this day: &ldquoThe progress of evolution from President Washington to President Grant was alone evidence to upset Darwin.&rdquo

The hypocrisy here seems self-evident, at least to me. Among those Grant bypassed when filling his Cabinet were allies of Henry Adams -- and Adams himself, which is why he left the rough-and-tumble of Washington for the safety of Harvard&rsquos faculty. Henry Adams conceded as much to his brother Charles. &ldquoI have always considered that Grant wrecked my own life,&rdquo he wrote in a 1911 letter. Earlier, he&rsquod written a sort of confession of class resentment about what Grant&rsquos political ascension meant to him personally: &ldquoMy family is buried politically.&rdquo

Grant certainly would have seen nothing wrong with such a result. Although he didn&rsquot like Henry Adams enough to hate him -- Grant wasn&rsquot much of a hater -- he did write once that the Adams clan &ldquodid not possess one noble trait of character that I ever heard of.&rdquo

In the end, Henry Adams got his revenge: His scathing review of the Grant administration is the primary reason Americans prefer to think of Ulysses Grant as a general and would like to forget he was ever president. Unfair, as John F. Kennedy would have said, but hardly unique, and perhaps predictable. As Henry Adams himself explained, in words that still resonate today: Politics, in practice, &ldquohas always been the systematic organization of hatreds.&rdquo

Carl M. Cannon is the Washington bureau chief for RealClearPolitics. Reach him on Twitter @CarlCannon.


Henry Wilson (1873-1875)

Wilson changed his name from Jeremiah Jones Colbrath [or maybe it was Colbath, or Colbaith, I can’t tell which spelling is right] at 21, moved from New Hampshire to Natick, Mass., became a shoemaker, and represented the town in the Massachusetts state legislature for several terms. Like Elbridge Gerry, his death in the VP office started a tradition, as the Washington Post described when Dan Quayle came back to D.C. in 2003:

The occasion was the unveiling under the grand dome of the Capitol Rotunda of Quayle’s life-sized bust, a tradition accorded to all vice presidents, who also are the presidents of the Senate. The practice was inspired by Henry Wilson, Ulysses S. Grant’s vice president, who died in the Capitol, probably from a stroke, after taking a bath in the building’s basement.

In July 1988, Wilson surfaced in the Providence Journal/Evening Bulletin because of his familial connection with a would-be VP:


A Tale of Two Henrys

Today, I&rsquom thinking about two men born on this date, both of whom were in Abraham Lincoln&rsquos orbit. Both also made their reputations in Massachusetts -- and both were named Henry. Yet, they were as different as men could be.

Henry Wilson was born into grinding poverty and succeeded in the highest levels of government. Henry Adams, a child of fame and privilege, flamed out in Washington and retreated to a protected sinecure in academia. The former -- the once-influential Henry -- is forgotten today. The latter -- the one who failed upward -- is still widely acclaimed. But as another New England politician noted , who said life was fair?

Henry Wilson&rsquos boyhood, the U.S. Senate&rsquos official historian has observed , &ldquoresembled a Dickens novel.&rdquo Born on Feb. 16, 1812, in New Hampshire, his indolent father named the child Jeremiah Jones Colbath after a wealthy neighbor in hopes of ingratiating himself with the man, a bachelor. The scheme failed and the Colbath family&rsquos suffering continued.

&ldquoWant sat by my cradle,&rdquo he wrote later. &ldquoI know what it is to ask a mother for bread when she has none to give.&rdquo

When he was 10 years, his father apprenticed the boy to a family on another New England farm, where he worked until he turned 21. By then our hero had acquired a self-education -- he read every book in the farmhouse -- a lifelong commitment to abstinence from alcohol, and a new name he chose himself: Henry Wilson.

Newly liberated, he set out for Boston, walking 100 miles before settling in Natick, where he took up shoemaking. Within three years, he had saved enough money to travel to Washington, D.C., drawn by the possibility of service to his country. Instead of being inspired, by the time he arrived in the capital he was appalled. He&rsquod seen enslaved people working in the fields of Maryland and witnessed slave auctions within sight of the U.S. Capitol. On the spot, he formed a determination to devote himself to the cause of emancipation.

Returning to the Boston area, Wilson turned his small cobbler&rsquos business into a lucrative factory, joined the Whig Party, and participated in the Natick Debating Society. Soon the Whigs were running him for office in the state legislature. There, Wilson developed an antipathy toward the snooty Brahmins who controlled Massachusetts politics . But his deeper opprobrium was reserved for Southern planters and their Democratic Party apologists. &ldquoFreedom and slavery are now arrayed against each other,&rdquo he wrote. &ldquoWe must destroy slavery, or it will destroy liberty.&rdquo

He invested in an abolitionist newspaper, which he edited from 1848 to 1851, joined the fledging Republican Party, and raised and commanded a local militia unit.

By the time the Civil War arrived, &ldquoGen. Wilson&rdquo was in the U.S. Senate, serving alongside fellow abolitionist firebrand Charles Sumner. Wilson was among those who rode out to Manassas in a carriage to witness the first set-piece battle of the war. After Union soldiers were routed from the field, Henry Wilson returned to Massachusetts, raised a real militia this time, with himself as its colonel, and returned with his unit to Washington. Despite his desires, Sen. Wilson had neither the training nor aptitude for actual soldiering -- he could barely ride a horse --so he resigned his commission and assumed the post in which he could best help Abraham Lincoln and Gen. Ulysses Grant: chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs.

After the war, he became President Grant&rsquos second-term running mate (pictured, above). Henry Wilson&rsquos ambitions were not yet quenched, and he might have become the 19 th U.S. president instead of Rutherford B. Hayes, but his health failed him. He didn&rsquot live long enough to finish out his term and was soon forgotten.

Henry Adams&rsquo entire life was a different story. Born on Feb. 16, 1838, to wealth and status -- he was the grandson of John Quincy Adams and the great-grandson of John Adams -- he seemed destined for greatness, at least in his own mind. According to the leading lights of American letters, he achieved it.

After serving as secretary to his father, Charles Francis Adams, who was Lincoln&rsquos ambassador to Great Britain during the Civil War, he returned to the States and made his name as a journalist and scholar. His nine-volume &ldquoHistory of the United States and America During the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison&rdquo was highly praised and is still considered a masterpiece by historians I respect. Under an assumed name, Adams wrote a riveting novel titled &ldquoDemocracy,&rdquo and his posthumously published memoir, &ldquoThe Education of Henry Adams,&rdquo won a Pulitzer Prize and the honor of being named by the parent company of Random House as the best English-language nonfiction book of the 20 th century. It&rsquos well- written, but all this is errant nonsense.

Henry Adams, for all his literary gifts, never grasped the basics of the profession he was drawn to and that denied him a foothold. For this, he blamed Ulysses Grant, although the fault was all his own. Adams was not only acerbic and petty, which alienated those he was trying to influence, but he viewed every difference of opinion or tactics as a matter of principle. Anyone who didn&rsquot agree with him was corrupt, in his telling. Ostensibly, his dispute with the famous general-turned-president is that Grant populated his administration with party hacks, many of whom came recommended by Republicans in Congress. Adams&rsquo view, which he couched as an argument over separation of powers, was that political patronage jobs should be solely based on merit. Here, Adams harked back to George Washington, a paragon of nonpartisanship, to be sure (but also a man who found Henry Adams grandfather exasperating for exhibiting the same undiplomatic and graceless compulsions). As usual, Henry Adams resorted to ad hominem insults to make his argument. One of them is famous to this day: &ldquoThe progress of evolution from President Washington to President Grant was alone evidence to upset Darwin.&rdquo

The hypocrisy here seems self-evident, at least to me. Among those Grant bypassed when filling his Cabinet were allies of Henry Adams -- and Adams himself, which is why he left the rough-and-tumble of Washington for the safety of Harvard&rsquos faculty. Henry Adams conceded as much to his brother Charles. &ldquoI have always considered that Grant wrecked my own life,&rdquo he wrote in a 1911 letter. Earlier, he&rsquod written a sort of confession of class resentment about what Grant&rsquos political ascension meant to him personally: &ldquoMy family is buried politically.&rdquo

Grant certainly would have seen nothing wrong with such a result. Although he didn&rsquot like Henry Adams enough to hate him -- Grant wasn&rsquot much of a hater -- he did write once that the Adams clan &ldquodid not possess one noble trait of character that I ever heard of.&rdquo

In the end, Henry Adams got his revenge: His scathing review of the Grant administration is the primary reason Americans prefer to think of Ulysses Grant as a general and would like to forget he was ever president. Unfair, as John F. Kennedy would have said, but hardly unique, and perhaps predictable. As Henry Adams himself explained, in words that still resonate today: Politics, in practice, &ldquohas always been the systematic organization of hatreds.&rdquo

Carl M. Cannon is the Washington bureau chief for RealClearPolitics. Reach him on Twitter @CarlCannon.


Henry Wilson (Jeremiah Colbath) - History


Genealogical and Family History
do
STATE OF MAINE

Compiled under the editorial supervision of George Thomas Little, A. M., Litt. D.

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY
Nova york
1909.

[Please see Index page for full citation.]

[Transcribed by Coralynn Brown]


[Many families included in these genealogical records had their beginnings in Massachusetts.]

The early history of the Colbath family is, like that of many another (in truth we might say most others) shrouded in more or less of doubt and mystery. This is due partly to the fact of few records being kept in early days partly to changes and wars that brought about the removal or destruction of those heads of families who were capable of handing down orally such valuable information and to the serious loss by fire of those books and manuscripts in which matter bearing upon and relating to family, church and town history were recorded. Indeed, this latter cause, fire, is the fell destroyer that has blotted forever from the pages of history important and valuable data.
Southgate, in his "History of Scarborough, Maine," published in 1853 writes: "Several brothers bearing the surname Colbath came from England early in the eighteenth century and settled in various parts of New England."
Ridlon, in his "Saco Valley Families," claims that Scotland was the country from which the early Colbaths emigrated. He writes as follows: "The name Colbath, as now spelled in America, has undergone the mutilation common to nearly all surnames dating from an early period. We first find it as Calbreath, and later running through such changes as Galbreth, Galbraith, Colbraith, Kilbreth and Colbroth. The various forms of spelling may be attributed to the fancy of some cadets of the family who, as younger sons, established junior branches in new localities and to such early scribes as received the pronunciation of names from men of foreign accent. The name originated in two Gaelic words, "Gall" and "Bhretan," meaning 'The Stranger Briton,' or as it were, 'Children of the Briton.'"
They were then evidently descendants of that great, splendid tribe of Brythorn Gauls, or, as the Romans called them, Britons, who invaded and conquered the English Isles some three hundred years before the Christian era, and gave the name of Great Britain to them for all time. Later, when the invading Saxon and Englishman came, they found in these Britons their fiercest foes. More than two centuries of the bitterest war was waged ere they were overcome, and then, only by the ever increasing hosts of the Saxon. Quoting again from Ridlon:
"As intimated, the families bearing these name are of Scottish derivation. The earliest of whom we have found mention were Gillispick Galbrait (1230 A.D.) and Arthur Galbrait (1296 A.D.), who swore fealty to King Edward I. William Galbraith is mentioned as a person 'of good account' in the middle of the fourteenth century. Cadets of the family early intermarried with the lordly houses of Douglass and Hamilton, and through such alliances became possessed of extensive estates in Scotland, where they have continued. During the time of the plantation of Ulster in the north of Ireland by Scottish families (1608 - 1620), several brothers named Calbreath or Galbraith, who had purchased extensive lands from Sir John Calyuhon, Laird of Luss, removed to that country. These lands, which were called the Manor of Corkagh, were sold in 1664, and two of the brothers, Humphrey and William Galbraith, were retained as agents of Bishop Spottiswood. Another of the brothers was Robert Galbraith. The present representatie of the family in Great Britain is John Samuel Galbraith, Esq., magistrate, high sheriff, justice of the peace, and doctor of laws. Heir presumptive his brother, Robert Galbraith. The family seat is Clanabogan, County Tyrone, Ireland."
Nason, the biogapher of Hon. Henry Wilson, late vice-president of the United States, says "Wilson's ancestors, the Colbaths, were of excellent stock, largely from Argyleshire, in Scotland."
Burke's "Encyclopedia of Heraldry," the great authority in such matters, gives the family coat-of-arms. Bendy of six, argent and azure on a chief sable, three crosses patee or. The simplicity of these amoral bearings would indicate a very early date the use of a "chief" presupposes leadership by its bearer and the pattee crosses point to the bearer being a participant in the crusades to the Holy Land and a member of the order of "Knights Templar."

"And on his breast a bloodie crosse he bore,
The deare remembrance of his dying Lord,
For whose sweete sake that glorious badge he wore,
Upon his shield the like was also scored."
__Spencer.

(I) So far as known, the earliest appearance of the name of Colbath in America is that of John Colbreath, who was one of the Scotch Presbyterians of the "North of Ireland," who petitioned "his Excellency Colonel Samuel Suitt, Gov. of New England," (Gov. Samuel Shute) "to assure his Excellency of their inclinations to transport themselves to his plantation upon obtaining suitable encouragement from him." While many of those names written nearly two hundred years ago (March 26, 1718) are nearly, some quite, obliterated, the name John Colbreath remains clear and distinct. The handwriting is almost identical with that of the early Colbath of Newington, now to be found upon legal papers, and gives satisfactory proof that he and George Colbath (Colbroth, or Colbreath), who was the ancestor - we believe the emigrant ancestor - of the New Hampshire line of Colbaths, were of the same family.
The next appearance of the name is found in Bradford, Mass. "Willian Mutt, Jane Colbreath, married May 30, 1723." Next we find a journal kept by Rev. Joseph Adams, who was pastor of the Newington church from Nov. 16, 1715 to the date of his death, May 20, 1783, this entry:
"1725 Sepr 19. Mary Coolbroth owned ye Covenant and was baptized."
"Item. James, Pitman, William & Joseph & Benjamin Sons & Susanna & Mehitabel Daughters wr baptized" 1728 Feb. 4, "George Coolbroth owned ye Covenant & was baptized."
We have but one earlier mention of George Colbath - the taxlist of Portsmouth, for the year 1727, shows John and George Colbath are taxpayers. As shown by an old deed, dated July 30, 1730, George Colbath bought land in Newington, of William and Abigial Cotton, of Portsmouth. Aug. 13, 1738, he was granted administration of the estate of his son George Colbath Jr., in which appointment he is styled "yeoman." April 14, 1752, he sold land in Newington "with the dwelling house and barn standing thereon," to his son Joseph Colbath, and his wife Mary Colbath joined in the conveyance. Thus we have positive evidence of the existence of eight person who were sons and daughters of George and Mary Colbath:
George, James, Pitman, William, Joseph, Benjamin, Susannah and Mehitable.

It is believed that John Coolbroth, ancestor of the Maine line of Coolbroths (or Colbaths) who settled in Scarborough, Maine, in 1730, married Sarah Harmm, Aug. 17, 1732, and died Sept. 15, 1774, was also son of George Colbath, sen., of Newington, New Hampshire.
It is of interest to note that three of these sturdy sons - Pitman, Joseph and Benjamin - served their King, under Colonel Samuel Moore, at the siege of Louisburg, in 1745. Later we find one of these sons, Benjamin, a revolutionary soldier, under Colonel Nathan Hale he died in the service of his country March 10, 1778. Three sons of Benjamin - John, aged twenty-two years Downing, aged seventeen years and Dependence, aged sixteen years - with their father, served their country in her hour of need.

(II) James, second son of George and Mary Colbath, is thought to have been born about 1715. His wife, Olive Leighton, was the fifth child of Thomas and Deborah Leighton, of Newington. Her grandfather was Thomas, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Elder Hatevil Nutter, of Dover, N. H., and her great-grandparents were Joanna and Thomas Leighton (died Jan. 22, 1671), the English emigrants, who were married probably in England.
Children of James & Olive Colbath:
1. Leighton, baptized Dec. 1, 1739.
2. Independence.
3. Hunking, b. Feb. 17, 1743.
4. Deborah, b. Oct. 9, 1745.
5. Keziah _____.
6. Winthrop (the grandfather of the late Hon. Henry Wilson), b. June 16, 1751.
7. Amy, b. July 9, 1758.
8. Benning, b. May 28, 1762.
Jamse Colbath was a prosperous citizen of Newington, and with his brothers held various office of the town for many years. The deeds of convayance to and from James Colbath show that, in addition to his Newington real estate, he was for many years an extensive landholder in the town of Barnstead, New Hampshire. In the year 1748, with the consent of and "humbly" recommended by all the selectmen of his town, James Colbath sent the following:
"To the Honorable: The Court of Quarter Sessions now setting at Portsmouth, in the Province of New Hampshire, the Humble Petition of James Colbath:
Shewith that your Petitioner having a Gristmill near my Dwelling house which occasions my home to be much thronged with people, which come to the said mill, and there being no Publick house near putts me humbly requesting that the Honorable Court will allow your Petitioner the Liberty of Keeping a Public Tavern, and your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray.
Newington, March 7th, 1748-9."
This petition was granted unto James Colbath, and for many years after the "Publick Tavern" was a meeting place not alone for the grist mill folk, but for political and public gatherings, proving an ornament of public utility to the staid citizens of Newington. The Colbath home, located near the church, has been preserved, and is pointed out as one of the famous landmarks of the town. It is two-storied and painted, and is yet in use as a dwelling house.
In the yaer 1784-85, James and Olive, with their son Benning, removed to that part of Rochester, which is now Famington, and later to Middleton, where James and Olive died before 1800. They rest in the beautiful site of the family burial ground, upon a hillside of the Colbath farm.

(III) Benning Colbath, born May 28, 1762, died Sept. 7, 1824, married Mary Rollins, b. May 26, 1761, d. Aug. 9, 1825, daughter of Mary Huntress and Samuel Rollins, of Newington. She was directly descended from James "Rawlins" who emigrated to America in 1632, with the early settlers of Ipswich, Mass. (Samuel (4), Samuel (3), Joseph (2), James (1). So favorably is the name Rollins known in New Hampshire history that we need not dwell upon the sterling qualities of her character. She was a person of high aspirations and ideals. Her memory is sweetly sacred to her descendants, "even unto the third and fourth generation."
Crianças:
1. Betsey, born May 10, 1785.
2. Samuel, b. Feb. 10, 1788.
3. Mary H., b. May 6, 1791.
4. Benning, b. Nov. 17, 1795, died young.
5. Benjamin R., b. June 6, 1799.
6. Ephraim R., b. Dec. 24, 1802.
Benning Colbath was a man of weight and worth. In 1793 we find him one of the officials of his adopted town and he remained in her service for more than twenty consecutive years as selectman and in the various offices in her gift.

(IV) Samuel, son of Benning Colbath, born Feb. 10, 1788, in Rochester died Dec. 8, 1855, in Middleton, married June 8, 1809, Elizabeth CLARK, born May 24, 1788, died Dec. 24, 1867, buried in Middleton. Elizabeth Clark was one of those of whom it may be justly said:
"None knew her but to love her,
None named her but to praise."
A gentle Christian woman, whose daily life was one of prayer. She was born in Berwick, Maine, eldest child of Samuel and Abigail (Hanson) Clark, and died at the home of her only son, in New Durham, N.H. Her father, Samuel Clark, was born in Berwick, Maine, May 18, 1764 married May 23, 1786, Abigail, dau. of Ebenezer and Marth (Wentworth) Hanson. (Martha 5, Thomas 4, John 3, Ezekiel 2, William 1). He died Feb. 12, 1855, in St. Johnsbury Center, Vermont. Samuel Clark was a soldier of the revolution, enlisted before sixteen years of age May 3, 1780, and served as private in the regiment of Colonel Joseph Prime, under Captain Jedediah Goodwin. He received honorable discharge Nov. 2, 1780.
It is shown by the early records of the town of Middleton, N. H., that he was resident there as early as 1792, and was an extensive land holder. In 1810 he sold to Hatevil Knight, of Rochester, one hundred and thirty acres of land in New Durham, in which conveyance he is styled "gentleman." Later he sold his homestead farm and removed to St. Johnsbury, Vermont, with his son, Nathaniel Clark. It is proudly recalled by his descendants that on a visit to his son he made the journey from St. Johnsbury to Middleton, N. H. in a sleigh, when above ninety years of age.

Children of Samuel & Elizabeth Colbath:
Sabrina H.
Jeremiah Smith.
In 1816, directly succeeding his father Benning, we find Samuel Colbath one of the selectmen of Middleton, which office he held for many years. Not alone for his public service was he honored, but for the great moral worth of his character, his blameless life and his upright dealings with his fellow men.

(V) Jeremiah Smith Colbath was born Jan. 2, 1812, in Middleton, at what is now known as the "old Colbath Homestead." The house is quaint and picturesque, and is delightfully situated, overlooking, as it does, the vally of the Cocheco river and the city of Rochester, with a fine view of the distant hills. In the occupancy of the house, four genearions of Colbaths have preceded the present (1908) owner, Elizabeth Colbath Davis, who is of the sixth generation of Colbaths in America.
The subject of this biography early gave evidence of intellectual ability and great love of study, which were prominent traits through life even to its close. After a course in common school he taught under the instruction of Thomas Tash, the scholar and liguist, until he became a teacher. Being an only son, he did not long continue in this occupation his duty call was to the farm, to comfort the declining years of his parents.
July 18, 1841, he united in marriage with Lydia Millet Webster, of New Durham. She was a beautiful and brilliant woman, who possessed great firmness and purity of mind. Like her husband, she had been a teacher in the public schools. To life's close was was to him -
"The heart which like a staff was one
For him to lean and rest upon,
The strongest on the longest day,"
With steadfast love."
Lydia Millet WEBSTER (1806-1889) was the daughter of Reuben (1771-1854) and Lydia Smith Webster (1771-1864), of New Durham. Lydia (Smith) Webster was the daughter of Lieut. John Smith (1732-1819) of Lubberland Durham whose wife was Lydia Millet (1735-1821), daughter of Hon. Thomas Millet, of Dover. Ebenezer Smith, who was for twenty years president of the Strafford county bar, was of the family. Lydia (Smith) Webster was born Aug. 26, 1771, in Durham, N. H., on the shore of the lovely sheet of water known as Great Bay. A bride at the age of twenty-two years, she left her early home with all its beautiful evnrionments, to journey on horseback, with the husband of her choice, through the wilderness, and seek a home within its depths. A wise and loving mother, around her name cling tender memories. To her quick sympathy and the efficient aid of her ever helpful hand, her neighbors turned in the hour of their afflictions.

The children of Reuben & Lydia (Smith) Webster:
1. John, born May 12, 1794.
2. Stephen, b. July 26, 1796.
3. Abigail, b. Feb. 4, 1798.
4. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 30, 1801.
5. Valentine S., b. April 9, 1803.
6. Lydia M., b. Nov. 21, 1806.
7. Drusilla B., b. Jan. 5, 1811.
Lydia Millet Webster was distinctly of English blood, being directly descended form John Webster, born in England (died 1646), of Ipswich, Mass., on the paternal side on the maternal, from George Smith, who came from old Haugh, in Chester county, England.
The military services of the family Webster are noteworthy. Two nephews - Joseph F. Webster and Henry S. (Webster) Willey, of Farmington - enlisted early and served honorably in the late rebellion. Her brother, Stephen (3) Webster (1796-1872), served in the war of 1812. Her grandfather, Stephen (2) Webster (1739-1827), was a revolutionary soldier from Oct. 4, 1775 to his discharge in 1781. He was honored by an invitation to Concord, N. H., at the time of the visit of General Lafayette to that city and made the journey from New Durham on horseback, when above eighty-five years of age. This revolutionary soldier, who left endearments of home to fight in the battles of Bennington, Monmouth and Newtown, who gave four years of life to aid his country in her struggle for independence, had for wife a member of the distinguished Choate family of America. She was daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Moody) Choate, and granddaughter of Reverend Benjamin Choats, who graduated from Harvard College, 1703 married Abigail Burnham, and settled in Kingston, N. H. in 1707. Anna (or Anne) Choate was born in Kingston, Dec. 20, 1751, and died Oct. 5, 1848, in Sandwich, N. H. Stephen Webster and Anna Choate were united in marriage in the year 1770, in the town of Moultonboro, N. H. The sacrifices of this devoted wife and mother through all the changes of war, are in the hidden past oblivion covers her anxious watching and waiting but time can never rob her of the renown of her ancestry upon her memory radiates the honor of her husband's loyal service.
Stephen Webster, born in Salisbury, Mass., was son of Stephen and Hannah (Swett) Webster. He died Jan. 20, 1827, in New Durham, N. H. His father Stephen (1) Webster, born 1712, of Salisbury, Mass., was an officer in the French and Indian war. In the expedition again Crown Point (1755-56) he appears as "Captain in His Majesty's service." Wherever known the family Webster hs shown itself loyal to country, and fearless in the hour of danger. The famed Hannah Dustin was granddaughter of John (1) Webster, of Ipswich Mass.
Reuben Webster, father of Lydia Millet, was a prosperous farmer who had by energy and thrift won from the virgin forest the fertile farm upon which he reared his ambitious sons and daughters. One child blessed the marrige of Jeremiah Smith and Lydia Millet Colbath.
Beneath the roof of their cottage, within whose venerable walls had lived and loved, had joyed and sorrowed, four generations of her ancestors, on Friday, April 18, 1845, was born to these parents the wished-for daughter, their only child. She was named Elizabeth Lydia, for her grandmothers - Elizabeth Clark Colbath, and Lydia Smith Webster. Royal was her welcome, and from that hour she became the household idol. As time advanced and mentality grew she returned obedience and deep affection. The approval seen on the face of that dear mother was the law that governed her young life. When months were years, and seasons changed, and chill autumnal nights came on, fires were kindled in the wide-mouthed fireplace, within the spacious sitting room. As the evening lamps were lighted, and the unbroken circle of grandparents and of parents grouped beneath the firelight glow [trans. note: is this a tad over the top or is it just me?] she was gathered in her father's arms, while on her ear fell wondrous woodland takes - of bird or beast of nest or lair of babbling brook, or dark and silent river, along whose banks crept dusky forms with the stealthy tread of moccasined feet of wigwam fires, and lurking foe, and of death of Pauqus - each so graphically told to please her infant fancy. Happy child of honored father, words may never show his worth. At two and one-half years shs was carried to the distrcit school, just beside the gateway leading to her home, where she learned to name at sight each letter of the English alphabet. As years rolled on she was kept in almost constant attendance on this and other schools, wherever she might return to her home at nightfall. At the age of twelve years she was placed under the tuition of Miss Martha Stoddard, whose moral influence and rigid thoroughness of her methods of teaching left an impression on the mind of the youthful pupil never to be effaced. One year later she entered the select school of Miss Caroline Knight, in the village of Rochester, N. H. Miss Knight, then in the prime of life, had been for thirty years a teacher. Many an eminent man of today recalls with interest hours of study under Miss Knights's tuition while fitting for his college course. Many an honored woman holds in grateful memory the moral and religious influence, the strict yet ever kindly discipline, of this school. Under such most excellent instruction, the subject of this mentioned remained to the close of her educational course.
Almost immediately she engaged in teaching, early in the city of Rochester, later in Famington, and in the towns of Middleton, Milton and New Durham. It was her habit to remain for several terms, sometimes for years, in the same school. In this work, she continued to the date of her marriage, May 1, 1873, to Thomas M. Davis, of Newfield, Maine. Mr. Davis was a man intellectually gifted, of wide experience and good address, keen and alert in business, his judgment was unerring in his moneyed intersts. Born Sept. 18, 1836, in Newfield, Maine, he died Dec. 9, 1901, in Westboro, Mass.
Following their marriage, a winter was enjoyed in the cities of New York, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., and in travel through the "sunny South." Soon after their home coming Mrs. Davis returned to her position in the schoolroom, where she continued to the date of her father's decease, when the ever-increasing invalidiam of her widowed mother and the added care of her father's estate forced her to resign the work in which she had happily passed so many busy hours.
It is not now known by whom was erected the cottage, once the home of James and Olive Colbath, the great-grandparents of Hon. Henry Wilson, vice-president, U.S.A. The years which the Colbath descendants have owned and occupied, date well into the second century. More than one hundred years ago the first chimney of the old house was removed by Benning Colbath, and the one now seen erected. From time immemorial the Colbaths have been landholders succeeding generations have been buyers until hundreds of acres are covered by the deeds of the present owner. With the turning tide in the commercial value of timber lands and country real estate, it has been found that profit may combine with pleasure in one's investments.

At the age of twenty-six years Jeremiah S. Colbath was appointed by Governor Isaac Hill justice of the peace for Stafford county, which office, but for a lapse of some three years, he retained through life. July 2, 1861, he was appointed appraiser of state prison property, and on the same date he was appointed justice of the peace and quorum. His was a busy life. Much time was given to literary research, and to preparing articles for publication. At his decease he left in manuscript and nearly ready for the publisher a history of his native town of Middleton. He engaged extensively in farming and was also noted as a land surveyor, to which employment he was often called. For many years he served his town as selectman and in eight of those years was elected chairman of the baord. He was also supervisor of schools.
In the year 1865 he removed from his native Middleton to the town of New Durham, where he had by purchase become the owner of a large farm. In 1866 we find him in the service of his adopted town as one of the appraisers of her real estate. May 5 of the same year he was elected one of the investigating committee to examine her accounts. Thence on, we find him prominently in her service, as selectman, treasurer, and supervisor of schools. At the age of seventy years, while at Dover, N. H., as foreman of the jury on an important case, he was seized with fatal illness, and died in that city Oct. 1, 1882. Thus passed suddenly from life's active duties, while in full mental vigor, one who had ever been the soul of truth and honor. Kindly remembered, respected and beloved, he sleeps with his loved wife and honored dead upon the hillside at his early home in Middleton, New Hampshire.
"Warm summer sun,
Shine kindly here.
Warm Southern wind,
Blow softly here.
Green sod above
Lie light, lie light,
Good night, dear heart,
Good night, good night."


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