Otho Williams - História

Otho Williams - História

Otho Williams

Williams, Otho Holland (1749-1800) General: Órfão aos 12 anos de idade, Williams trabalhou nos escritórios do escrivão em Frederick, Maryland e Baltimore. Em 1775, ele foi nomeado tenente em um corpo de rifle criado no condado de Frederick. Sua companhia marchou para Boston e Williams assumiu o comando. Ele era major quando Fort Washington foi atacado e foi gravemente ferido lá. Os britânicos o aprisionaram e o carregaram para Nova York, onde foi libertado em liberdade condicional. Eles suspeitaram que Williams iria se envolver em uma correspondência secreta com Washington, então eles o prenderam e o colocaram em confinamento, sujeitando-o a grandes indignidades e crueldade. Ele foi trocado após 15 meses de prisão e havia sido promovido ao comando do 6º regimento da linha de Maryland durante seu tempo na prisão. Williams foi vice-ajudante-geral do exército do sul sob o comando do general Horatio Gates. O general Nathanael Greene nomeou Williams ajudante-geral quando Greene assumiu o comando. Williams liderou um ataque durante a Batalha de Eutaw, que lhe rendeu as maiores honras da época. O Congresso o promoveu ao posto de general-de-brigada perto do fim da guerra. Após a Guerra Revolucionária, Williams se estabeleceu em Baltimore e foi nomeado coletor do porto, cargo que manteve até sua morte.

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Otho Holland Williams (1748 - 1794)

Otho Holland WILLIAMS era filho de Joseph WILLIAMS, nascido em: 1730 em Greensburg, Westmorland, Pensilvânia, e esposa, Prudence HOLLAND, nascida em 07 de setembro de 1719 na Igreja de St. Barnabas, Prince George's, Maryland, e morreu em 1764 em Washington, Maryland. Casou-se com Mary Smith (Selby) em 1786, filha de William Smith, com quem teve quatro filhos.

Em 1775 ele foi nomeado tenente em um corpo de rifle e avançou para comandar o grupo. Ele participou do cerco de Boston em 1776. Ele era um major quando Fort Washington foi atacado, onde foi ferido e feito prisioneiro. Corria o boato de que ele dividia uma cela com Ethan Allen. Ele foi promovido a comandar o 6º regimento da linha de Maryland e, eventualmente, foi negociado por prisioneiros britânicos. Ele se tornou um coronel sob o comando de Nathaniel Greene. Durante o retiro de Greene na Batalha de Eutaw Springs, ele liderou o corpo leve que atuava como retaguarda. Em um momento crítico da batalha de Eutaw, o General Greene emitiu a ordem "Deixe Williams avançar e varrer o campo com suas baionetas." Ele liderou um ataque que lhe rendeu as maiores honras da época. Ele foi promovido pelo congresso ao posto de general de brigada perto do fim da guerra. O General Williams ajudou no layout de Williamsport, MD nomeado em sua homenagem. Foi oferecido a ele uma nomeação como Brigadeiro-General do Exército Americano pelo Secretário da Guerra em 1792, mas recusou devido a problemas de saúde e falta de interesse. Mais tarde naquele ano, ele aceitou o cargo de Justiça Associada para o Condado de Baltimore da Legislatura de Maryland.

Enterrado no Cemitério Riverview Williamsport, MD.


Otho Williams

Os pais de Marylander Otho Williams morreram quando ele tinha 13 anos, deixando-o encarregado de seus sete irmãos mais novos com apenas uma pequena propriedade. Para sobreviver, ele trabalhou como aprendiz do marido de sua tia como escrivão no Condado de Frederick. Cinco anos depois, em 1767, ele se tornou escrivão no Condado de Baltimore. Um ano depois de entrar no negócio em 1774, Williams ingressou em uma empresa de rifles de milícia como tenente. Foi ordenado quase imediatamente ao Cerco de Boston. Durante as batalhas pela cidade de Nova York sob o general George Washington, Williams foi ferido e capturado enquanto defendia bravamente o Forte Washington em Manhattan. Ele foi detido por dois anos, primeiro com considerável liberdade, e depois em uma minúscula cela de prisão. [1] Ele foi libertado como parte de uma troca de prisioneiros e voltou ao serviço como tenente-coronel. Em 1780, ele estava em um destacamento enviado para substituir Charleston, no entanto, começou tarde demais e foi desviado para o Moinho de Cox, próximo ao Ramseur de hoje. Ele recomendou contra Brig. O general Horatio Gates levou o exército diretamente para o sul para desafiar os britânicos, mas lutou zelosamente na terrível derrota na Batalha de Camden (S.C.) depois que Gates o ignorou. Williams ajudou a reconstruir o exército em N.C. quando o major-general Nathanael Greene assumiu o comando. Durante a corrida para o Dan, Greene colocou Williams no comando de um “corpo ligeiro” de alta velocidade, destinado a proteger seu exército, perseguir os britânicos e impedir que os legalistas se juntassem a eles. O corpo foi muito bem-sucedido, permitindo que Greene cruzasse o rio Dan com segurança e dando-lhe tempo para se preparar depois de retornar para enfrentar os britânicos. A liderança de Williams ajudou a prevenir um colapso continental na Batalha de Guilford Court House. Ele recebeu elogios de Greene por sua responsabilidade na Batalha de Eutaw Springs (S.C.). Em março de 1782, Williams voltou para Maryland. Ele não voltou ao serviço ativo, mesmo após a promoção a general de brigada. Ele investiu em terras e navios e foi nomeado comandante naval do Porto de Baltimore. Alexander Hamilton foi o destinatário da última carta de Williams, enviada uma semana antes de Williams morrer aos 45 anos de tuberculose, provavelmente contraída enquanto prisioneiro.

Mais Informações

  • Greenwalt, Phill, ‘Author Interview & amp Review: Otho Holland Williams in the American Revolution por John Beakes’, Era da guerra revolucionária emergente, 2016 e lthttps: //emergingrevolutionarywar.org/2016/02/19/author-interview-review-otho-holland-williams-in-the-american-revolution-by-john-beakes/> [acesso em 13 de maio de 2020]
  • Kalmanson, Arnold W., ‘Otho Holland Williams and the Southern Campaign of 1780-1782’ (Salisbury University, 1990) & lthttp: //mdsoar.org/handle/11603/11437> [acesso em 13 de maio de 2020]
  • ‘Otho Holland William’s Tiny Cell & # 8211 The Punishment of Continued Correspondence’, Fundador do dia & lthttps: //www.founderoftheday.com/founder-of-the-day/otho-holland-williams> [acessado em 14 de maio de 2020]
  • Sherman, Wm. Thomas, Calendário e registro da guerra revolucionária no sul: 1780-1781, Décima edição (Seattle, WA: Gun Jones Publishing, 2007) & lthttps: //www.americanrevolution.org/calendar_south_10_ed_update_2017.pdf>

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Otho Williams - História

Clique aqui para ver / baixar um esboço da Batalha de Camden pelo capitão Charles Vallancey dos Voluntários da Irlanda sob o comando do coronel Francis, Lord Rawdon. Cedo na madrugada de 16 de agosto de 1780, o coronel Otho H. Williams, pesquisando o americano linha, notou os britânicos avançando na estrada. Ele consultou o capitão Singleton da artilharia e foi determinado que os britânicos não poderiam estar a mais de 200 metros de distância. O coronel Williams deu a ordem para uma barragem de artilharia e os britânicos rapidamente desamarraram suas armas e responderam. A batalha de Camden havia começado para valer.

O general patriota Edward Stevens, à esquerda, recebeu ordens de mover os virginianos para a frente e a milícia inexperiente e raramente confiável respondeu com hesitação. O coronel Otho Williams chamou voluntários, liderou 80 ou 90 soldados a 40 metros dos britânicos em implantação e disparou um fogo violento por trás das árvores. Lord Cornwallis, posicionado perto da ação e sempre alerta, notou a hesitação dos virginianos e ordenou que o tenente-coronel James Webster avançasse pela direita. No que foi uma das piores incompatibilidades da história militar, dois dos melhores regimentos que já serviram no Exército Britânico, o 33º Regimento e o 23º Regimento, com a infantaria leve mais bem treinada do mundo, enfrentaram os mais destreinados e tropas não confiáveis ​​na esquerda americana. Vendo a linha perfeitamente formada varrer em direção a eles com uma alegria poderosa e depois um silêncio terrível, exceto o tilintar da baioneta de aço frio no cano do mosquete, os virginianos se quebraram e correram. Alguns conseguiram disparar alguns tiros e vários soldados britânicos caíram. No entanto, o pânico desordenado rapidamente se espalhou para a milícia da Carolina do Norte perto da estrada e logo a milícia rompeu os Maryland Continentals, estacionados na reserva, e jogou aquela tropa normalmente confiável em desordem.

Vendo o pânico generalizado de toda a sua ala esquerda, o major-general Horatio Gates montou um cavalo veloz e saiu para a estrada com sua milícia, deixando a batalha para ser decidida por seus oficiais mais corajosos e capazes. A propósito, o Major General Gates cobriu sessenta milhas em apenas algumas horas! Embora o Congresso mais tarde o exonerasse por sua má conduta e covardia, o General Gates nunca mais ocupou um comando de campo novamente.

O Major General Baron Johann DeKalb e o Brigadeiro General Mordecai Gist, na ala direita americana, e os Maryland Continentals ainda estavam em campo. Um regimento da milícia da Carolina do Norte não participou do vôo e voltou a lutar ao lado dos Delaware Continentals. O Coronel Otho Williams e o Major General DeKalb tentaram trazer a reserva do Brigadeiro General William Smallwood para a esquerda da 2ª Brigada para formar uma "L." Nesse ínterim, Lorde Cornwallis havia avançado tropas fortes para a lacuna e entre as duas brigadas. Neste ponto, Lord Cornwallis enviou o tenente-coronel James Webster e suas tropas veteranas contra as primeiras tropas de Maryland. Para o crédito desses Patriotas, eles se mantiveram firmes e ficaram cara a cara com os melhores regimentos do mundo por um bom tempo. No entanto, depois de vários intervalos e comícios, eles foram forçados a deixar o campo e ir para os pântanos. A maioria das tropas de Maryland, por causa da incapacidade do cavalo do tenente-coronel Banastre Tarleton de perseguir no terreno, escapou para lutar outro dia.

Apenas a 2ª Brigada de Maryland, os Delaware Continentals e a Milícia da Carolina do Norte do Tenente Coronel Henry & quotHal & quot Dixon continuaram a batalha. Nesse ponto, eram cerca de 600 homens contra 2.000. Eles conseguiram checar o coronel Francis, a esquerda de lorde Rawdon, e até fizeram alguns prisioneiros. Deve-se notar aqui que em outra daquelas ocorrências estranhas no campo de batalha, os continentais mais experientes do Patriota estavam enfrentando as tropas mais inexperientes do exército britânico, o Regimento Real NC (Provinciais). O major-general Barão Johann DeKalb liderou pessoalmente ataque de baioneta após ataque de baioneta por mais de uma hora. Seu cavalo foi baleado debaixo dele e ele sofreu um corte de sabre na cabeça. Em um ataque final, ele matou um soldado britânico e depois sofreu ferimentos de baioneta e ferimentos de bala. Suas tropas se fecharam em torno dele e se opuseram a mais um ataque de baioneta dos britânicos.

No entanto, neste ponto, o tenente-coronel Tarleton voltou com seus cavaleiros da perseguição das milícias em fuga e Lor Cornwallis jogou suas tropas de cavalo na retaguarda americana. As tropas americanas restantes permaneceram por alguns minutos e lutaram contra o ataque de todos os lados, mas finalmente cederam e fugiram. A batalha de Camden estava completa.

Cerca de sessenta (60) homens se reuniram como retaguarda e conseguiram proteger as tropas em retirada pelos bosques e pântanos circundantes. Deve-se notar que, na forma da guerra no século 18, Lord Cornwallis levou o Barão DeKalb de volta a Camden e o fez ser examinado por seu médico pessoal. Infelizmente, o Barão sucumbiu aos ferimentos. Ele está enterrado em Camden e um monumento foi erguido em sua memória no antigo campo de batalha.

As baixas na batalha de Camden para os britânicos foram 331 de todas as fileiras para 2.239 engajados. Isso incluiu dois oficiais e 66 homens mortos, dezoito oficiais e 227 alistados feridos e dezoito desaparecidos. As baixas americanas nunca foram totalmente contadas, no entanto, três oficiais morreram em batalha e trinta foram capturados. Aproximadamente 650-700 dos soldados do Major General Gates foram mortos ou feitos prisioneiros entre 3.052 soldados engajados. A perda de armas e equipamentos foi devastadora para a causa americana durante meses. Clique aqui para acessar o Site Oficial da Batalha de Camden, SC. O link está atualizado em agosto de 2017.

Participantes Patriotas Conhecidos

Participantes britânicos / leais conhecidos

Major General Horatio Gates - Oficial Comandante

Forças Continentais lideradas pelo General-de-Brigada Johann-Alexandre von Robaii, Barão DeKalb nas seguintes unidades:

DM 1ª Brigada liderada pelo Brigadeiro General William Smallwood com 400 homens nas seguintes unidades:

MD 1o Regimento liderado pelo tenente-coronel Peter Adams, com o major Levin Winder, capitão George Anderson e capitão William Bruce

MD 3º Regimento liderado pelo Major Archibald Anderson, com o Capitão Jacob Brice, o Capitão John Smith e o Capitão Lilburn Williams

MD 5º Regimento liderado pelo coronel William Richardson, com o capitão Perry Benson, o capitão Richard Bird, o capitão James Bruff e o capitão Adam Hoops

MD 7º Regimento liderado pelo coronel John Gunby, com o capitão Jonathan Morris

2ª Brigada de DM liderada pelo Brigadeiro General Mordecai Gist com 500 homens nas seguintes unidades:

MD 2º Regimento liderado pelo tenente-coronel John Eager Howard, com o capitão-tenente. John Hardman, capitão Edward Duvall e capitão John Gassaway

MD 4º Regimento liderado pelo coronel Josiah Carvel Hall, com o capitão Edward Oldham

MD 6º Regimento liderado pelo Tenente-Coronel Benjamin Ford, com o Capitão-Tenente. Nathan Williams e o capitão James Somervell

O regimento DE liderado pelo tenente-coronel Joseph Vaughan com 280 homens nas seguintes seis (6) empresas conhecidas, liderado por:
- 1ª Empresa - Major John Patton
- 2ª Empresa - Capitão Robert Kirkwood
- 3ª Empresa - Capitão John Rhodes
- 6ª Companhia - Capitão John Learmonth
- 8ª Companhia - Capitão Peter Jacquett
- Empresa Adicional - Capitão George Purvis

Legião de Cavalos e Pé de Armand liderada pelo Tenente-Coronel Charles Tuffin Armand com as seguintes unidades:
- Cavalaria liderada pelo Conde Nicholas Dietrick, Barão von Ottendorff com 60 homens
- 1ª Tropa de Dragões - Tenente Richard Heard
- 2ª Tropa de Dragões - Capitão Henry Bedkin
- 3ª Tropa de Dragões - Capitão Jerome Le Brun de Bellecour
- Corpo de Voluntários Alemães - Capitão Jost Driesbach com 40 homens
- Chasseur Company - Capitão Jacob Baner com 20 homens

O Regimento de Cavalaria do Estado VA do Major Nelson liderado pelo Capitão Edmund Read, com 62 homens nas seguintes três (3) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- 1ª Tropa - Capitão Edmund Read
- 2ª Tropa - Capitão Martin Armand Vogluson
- 3ª Tropa - Capitão Charles Fierer

Infantaria montada voluntária de SC liderada pelo major Thomas Pinckney com 70 homens

Artilharia Continental liderada pelo Coronel Charles Harrison com 100 homens nas seguintes unidades:

1º Regimento de Artilharia Continental de VA - Capitão William L. Pierce, com 2 canhões

1ª MD Continental Artillery Company liderada pelo Capitão Richard Dorsey, com o Capitão-Lt. Ambrose Bohannon, com 2 armas

2º MD e 3º MD Artilharia Continental liderada pelo Capitão Anthony Singleton, com o Capitão-Lt. Lewis Booker e Capt.-Lt. Richard Waters, com 4 armas

VA State Artillery Regiment liderado pelo tenente-coronel Elias Edmunds, com o capitão John Watlington

VA State Detachment, Light Infantry liderado pelo tenente-coronel Charles Porterfield, com seis (6) empresas conhecidas:
- Capitão Thomas H. Drew
- Capitão Thomas Upshaw
- Capitão John Holladay (Spotsylvania Co. Militia)
- Capitão Thomas Downing (Northumberland Co.)
- Capitão Thomas Minor (Spotsylvania Co. Militia)
- Capitão Edmund Curd (Goochland Co. Milícia)

NC Light Infantry (uma unidade temporária de NC Troops) liderada pelo Major John Armstrong com 68 homens e pelo menos uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão James Freeman (Condado de Surry)

Milícia estadual do NC liderada pelo general Richard Caswell, coronel Thomas Blount (ajudante geral), coronel John Sitgreaves (estado-maior), coronel Benjamin Williams (estado-maior), coronel John Pugh Williams (estado-maior), tenente-coronel William Polk (Ajudante de Campo), e Ajudante William Haily, com 1.800-2.400 homens nas seguintes unidades:

A Brigada Distrital de Milícia de Hillsborough liderada pelo Brigadeiro General John Butler, com os seguintes dois (2) regimentos conhecidos:

1º Regimento do Condado de Orange de Milita, liderado pelo tenente-coronel Thomas Farmer, com quatorze (14) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Abraham Allen
- Capitão John Williams Daniel
- Capitão William Gwinn
- Capitão William Horton
- Capitão William Jamieson
- Capitão Samuel Johnston
- Capitão Baxter King
- Capitão James Mebane
- Capitão William Nunn
- Capitão Benjamin Rainey
- Capitão John Ray
- Capitão William Rogers
- Capitão John Walls
- Capitão Daniel Woodson

O 2º Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Orange, liderado pelo Coronel John Collier, Tenente Coronel Drury Ledbetter, Major Bedford, Major James Dougan, Major William McCauley e Major Joseph Sharpe, com as seguintes vinte e quatro (24) empresas conhecidas, lideraram por:
- Capitão William Chambers (Condado de Wake)
- Capitão Thomas Craig (Orange County)
- Capitão William Dillard (Condado de Chatham)
- Capitão Thomas Farmer (Condado de Chatham)
- Capitão John Graves (Condado de Caswell)
- Capitão Davis Gresham (Condado de Orange)
- Capitão Shadrack Hargis (Condado de Orange)
- Capitão George Hodge (Condado de Orange)
- Capitão Shadrack Hogan (Condado de Montgomery)
- Capitão George Horton (Condado de Orange)
- Capitão John Hudgins (Condado de Chatham)
- Capitão Joseph Johnson (Condado de Chatham)
- Capitão John Johnston (Condado de Randolph)
- Capitão Buckner Kimbrell (Condado de Montgomery)
- Capitão Daniel McFarland (Condado de Caswell)
- Capitão David McFarland (Condado de Caswell)
- Capitão Robert McLane (Condado de Randolph)
- Capitão George Oldham (Condado de Caswell)
- Capitão John Rains (Condado de Randolph)
- Capitão Ambrose Ramsey (Condado de Chatham)
- Capitão George Samuel (Condado de Caswell)
- Capitão James Thompson (Condado de Orange)
- Capitão James Trice (Condado de Orange) (POW / morreu de varíola durante o cativeiro
- Capitão William Wilson (Condado de Guilford)

Destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Condado de Caswell, liderado pelo Tenente-Coronel Henry & quotHal & quot Dixon, Tenente-Coronel Stephen Moore, Major Micajah Lewis, Major John Nall e Major Cader Parker, com quinze (15) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Samuel Ashe (NC Artilharia Continental)
- Capitão Ralph Banks (Regimento do Condado de Granville)
- Capitão Peter Bennett (Regimento do Condado de Granville)
- Capitão William Bennett (Regimento do Condado de Granville)
- Capitão John Benton (Regimento do Condado de Gates)
- Capitão Lewis Bledsoe (Regimento do Condado de Wake)
- Capitão John Bowman (Regimento do Condado de Burke)
- Capitão Woodson Daniel (Regimento do Condado de Wake)
- Capitão Joshua Hadley (1º Regimento NC)
- Capitão George Lee (Regimento do Condado de Caswell)
- Capitão Daniel Odom (Regimento do Condado de Caswell)
- Capitão James Ray (Regimento do Condado de Orange)
- Capitão James Ross (Regimento do Condado de Granville)
- Capitão Philip Taylor (Regimento do Condado de Granville)
- Capitão Edward Yarborough (3º Regimento NC)

Brigada de Milícia do Distrito de Salisbury liderada pelo Brigadeiro General Griffith Rutherford (capturado), Tenente Coronel David Love e Major Thomas Harris (Ajudante de Campo), com os seguintes dez (10) regimentos conhecidos:

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Anson liderado pelo Coronel Hicks, com três (3) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Patrick Boggan
- Capitão Salathiel Clifton
- Capitão John McInvale (morto)

Destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Condado de Burke, liderado pelo tenente-coronel William Wofford, com número desconhecido de homens.

O destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Condado de Guilford, liderado pelo Coronel John Peasley e o Major Thomas Owen, com sete (7) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Asa Brashears
- Capitão John Donnell
- Capitão John McAdow
- Capitão John Nelson
- Capitão Peter O'Neal
- Capitão Abraham Phillips
- Capitão Henry Whitesell

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Lincoln de três (3) empresas conhecidas, liderado por:
- Capitão William Armstrong
- Capitão John Culbertson
- Capitão William Hutchison

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Mecklenburg liderado pelo Coronel George Alexander, com as seguintes quatorze (14) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Matthias Beaver
- Capitão William Gardner
- Capitão Samuel Givens
- Capitão Conrad Hise
- Capitão James Huggins
- Capitão William Huggins
- Capitão Nathaniel Marshall Martin
- Capitão John McFalls
- Capitão Thomas Shelby
- Capitão Richard Springs
- Capitão John Sterns
- Capitão Steel
- Capitão James White
- Capitão David Wilson

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Richmond de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão William Threadgill

Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Rowan, liderado pelo Coronel Francis Locke, com quinze (15) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão William Bell
- Capitão John Brandon
- Capitão Alexander Davidson
- Capitão Davis (morto)
- Capitão John Dickey
- Capitão Peter Hedrick
- Capitão John Johnston
- Capitão John Lopp
- Capitão Jacob Nichols
- Capitão Richmond Pearson
- Capitão James Peavine
- Capitão Samuel Reid
- Capitão Richard Simmons
- Capitão Thomas Tremain
- Capitão Wright

O Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Surry, liderado pelo Coronel Martin Armstrong e o Tenente Coronel Robert Lanier, com as seguintes oito (8) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Absalom Bostick
- Capitão Samuel Dyer
- Capitão James Freeman
- Capitão David Humphreys
- Capitão William Meredith
- Capitão Paul Patrick
- Capitão Arthur Scott
- Capitão William Wilson (Condado de Rowan)

Destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Condado de Washington (NC) de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Christopher Cunningham

Regimento de milícia do condado de Wilkes, liderado pelo tenente-coronel Drury Ledbetter (condado de Montgomery), com nove (9) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão James Crump
- Capitão Charles Gordon
- Capitão Shadrack Hogan (Condado de Mongtomery)
- Capitão Samuel Johnson
- Capitão Joel Lewis
- Capitão William Nall
- Capitão William Nash
- Capitão John Randleman (Condado de Rowan)
- Capitão Edward Rutledge

Brigada Distrital de Milícia de Edenton, liderada pelo Brigadeiro General Isaac Gregory (gravemente ferido) e os seguintes quatro (4) regimentos conhecidos:

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Bertie liderado pelo Major James Foy, com uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Francis Pugh

Destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Condado de Currituck liderado pelo Coronel Samuel Jarvis com número desconhecido de homens.

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Gates de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Abner Perry (ferido)

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Pasquotank de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Owen Williams

Destacamento da Brigada Distrital de Milícia de Halifax, liderado pelo Coronel Jeptha Eatherton, com sete (7) regimentos conhecidos:

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Edgecombe de seis (6) empresas conhecidas, liderado por:
- Capitão James Barrow
- Capitão John Bell
- Capitão Edward Hall
- Capitão Simon Lee
- Capitão Exum Phillips
- Capitão Richard Shipp

Destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Condado de Franklin, liderado pelo tenente-coronel William Brickell, com duas (2) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Julius Alford
- Capitão Harrison Macon

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Halifax de duas (2) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Elisha Hurt
- Capitão John Patterson

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Martin de duas (2) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão John Kennedy
- Capitão Williams

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Nash de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Benjamin Kitchen (ferido)

Destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Condado de Northampton, liderado pelo Major Robert Peoples, com duas (2) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Samuel Lockhart
- Capitão John Peterson

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Warren liderado pelo Major Agrippa Nichols, com seis (6) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão John Macon
- Capitão George Nasworthy
- Capitão Benjamin Richards
- Capitão John Vose
- Capitão John White
- Capitão Joel Wren

Brigada Distrital de Milícia de New Bern, liderada pelo Coronel Benjamin Exum e o Major John Nall, com cinco (5) regimentos conhecidos:

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Craven de duas (2) empresas conhecidas, liderado por:
- Capitão David Roach
- Capitão Joshua Windham

Destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Condado de Dobbs, liderado pelo tenente-coronel Richard Caswell Jr., com número desconhecido de homens.

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Jones de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Simon Edwards (POW / Ferido)

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Pitt de duas (2) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Augustin Espanha
- Capitão Nathaniel Moore

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Wayne de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Lazarus Crawford

Destacamento da Brigada Distrital de Milícia de Wilmington liderado pelo Coronel Thomas Owen (Condado de Bladen), com cinco (5) regimentos conhecidos:

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Bladen de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Joseph Wood

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Brunswick de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Thomas Callendar

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Cumberland de duas (2) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Charles Crawford
- Capitão John Cox

Novo destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Hanover de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão James Love

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Condado de Onslow de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão James Foy

Brigada de milícia VA liderada pelo Brigadeiro General Edward Stevens e as seguintes unidades:

Milícia do condado de Louisa (VA) - Coronel George Stubblefield, com o tenente-coronel Joseph Spencer, Major William Moseley e o capitão John Byers

Milícia do Condado de Pittsylvania (VA) - Capitão Thomas Roberts

Milícia do condado de Culpeper (VA) - Capitão William Stanton

Milícia do condado de Cumberland (VA) - Capitão Robert Anderson

Milícia do condado de Fauquier (VA) - Capitão Elias Edmuncs

Milícia do condado de Amelia (VA) - Tenente-coronel Holt Richardson, com o major John Bias, capitão William Craddock

Milícia do condado de Caroline (VA) - Capitão James Johnson

Milícia do Condado de Hanover (VA) - Capitão John Price

Milícia do condado de Bedford (VA) - Capitão Nathaniel Tate e Capitão Thomas Leftwich

Milícia do condado de Chesterfield (VA) - Tenente-coronel Ralph Faulkner, com o capitão Archibald Walthal e o capitão Booker

Milícia do condado de Lunenburg (VA) - Capitão Walker

Milícia do condado de Dinwiddie (VA) - Capitão George Pegram

Milícia do Condado de Mecklenburgh (VA) - Coronel James Lucas

Milícia do condado de Amherst (VA) - Capitão Azariah Martin

Milícia do condado de Halifax (VA) - Coronel Lawson, com o capitão Paul Wattington

Milícia do Condado de Charlotte (VA) - Coronel Downman, com o Major Henry Conway e o Capitão Thomas Williams

Milícia do Condado de Pittsylvania (VA) - Capitão Isaac Clement, Capitão William Dix ​​e Capitão Peter Perkins

Milícia do condado de Henry (VA) - Capitão Cunningham e Capitão George Waller

Milícia do condado de Powhatan (VA) - Coronel William May

Milícia da Carolina do Sul, liderada por & quotDesconhecido & quot:

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia de Turkey Creek de quatro (4) empresas conhecidas, liderado por:
- Capitão Robert Frost
- Capitão Henry Lisle
- Capitão Patrick McGriff
- Capitão John Steel

Destacamento do Regimento Kershaw da Milícia de quatro (4) empresas conhecidas, liderado por:
- Capitão William Deason
- Capitão George Dunlap
- Capitão Thomas Glaze
- Capitão Jack Gray

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia do Distrito de Camden de três (3) empresas conhecidas, liderado por:
- Capitão Benjamin Carter, com o Tenente John Cathey, Jr.
- Capitão Richard Tucker
- Capitão John Weathers

Destacamento do Regimento Distrital Superior de Noventa e Seis de duas (2) empresas conhecidas, liderado por:
- Capitão Robert Maxwell
- Capitão McA

Destacamento do Regimento da Milícia do Distrito de Little River de duas (2) empresas conhecidas, lideradas por:
- Capitão Pendleton Isbell
- Capitão William Mulwee

Destacamento do 2º Regimento Espartano de Milícia de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão John Walker

Novo Regimento Distrital de Aquisição da Milícia destacamento de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Maj. John Wallace

Destacamento do Regimento de Milícia de Fairfield de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão John Land

Destacamento do Regimento Distrital de Milícia de Cheraws de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão Jesse Steads

Destacamento do Regimento Distrital de Milícia de Orangeburgh de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão John McKenzie

Destacamento de Hill's Regiment of Light Dragoons de uma (1) empresa conhecida, liderada por:
- Capitão John Hollis

Destacamento do Regimento do Coronel Wade Hampton de uma (1) empresa conhecida liderada por:
- Capitão Peter Burns

Regimento desconhecido - uma (1) empresa liderada por:
- Capitão Robert Davis

Total de forças patriotas - 4.100

Tenente General Charles, Lord Cornwallis - Oficial Comandante

Regulars britânicos liderados pelo tenente-coronel James Webster com 1.000 homens nas seguintes unidades:

23º Regimento de Pé (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) liderado pelo Tenente Coronel Nesbit Balfour com 292 homens, incluindo os seguintes oficiais:
- Major Frederick MacKenzie
- Capitão William Keppel
- Capitão Sir William Howe
- Capitão Forbes Champagne
- Capitão Thomas Saumarez
- Capitão James Drury
- Capitão Charles Ward Apthorp

33º Regimento de Pé liderado pelo Major William Dancey com 238 homens, incluindo os seguintes oficiais:
- Capitão Frederick Cornwalls
- Capitão Allen Malcolme
- Capitão James Campbell
- Capitão John Manley
- Capitão John Kerr
- Capitão Hildebrand Oakes - Empresa de Granadeiros

71º Regimento de Pé (Fraser Highlanders) liderado pelo Tenente-Coronel Alexander McDonald com as seguintes unidades:
- 1º Batalhão - Capitão Hugh Campbell, com 144 homens
- 2º Batalhão - Capitão & quotDesconhecido, & quot com 110 homens

Infantaria leve liderada pelo capitão Charles Campbell com 148 homens nas seguintes unidades:

71º Regimento de Pé (Fraser Highlanders) liderado pelo Capitão Charles Campbell e a seguinte unidade:
- Companhia de Infantaria Leve - Tenente Archibald Campbell

16º Regimento da Companhia de Infantaria Ligeira de Pé - Tenente John Skinner com 78 homens

Voluntários de NY, 3º Batalhão, Companhia de Infantaria Leve - Capitão & quotDesconhecido & quot

Regimento Real de Artilharia com 19 homens nas seguintes unidades:

3º Batalhão, Companhia Número 1 - Tenente John MacLeod, com 4 armas

4º Batalhão, Companhia Número 6 - Tenente William Marquois, com 2 armas

Adicional, incluindo artilharia tripulada pela Legião Britânica - 126 homens com 6 armas

Corpo de Guias e Pioneiros - Tenente Andrew Husband, com 28 homens

Provinciais liderados pelo Coronel Francis, Lord Rawdon, com 800 homens nas seguintes unidades:

Legião britânica liderada pelo tenente-coronel Banastre Tarleton e as seguintes unidades:
- Legião de Infantaria - Capitão Patrick Stewart, com 126 homens
- Cavalaria da Legião - Maj. George Hanger, com 182 homens

Voluntários da Irlanda liderados pelo Coronel Francis, Lord Rawdon com 303 homens, incluindo os seguintes oficiais:
- Capt.-Lt. David Dalton
- Capitão John Campbell
- Capitão John Doyle
- Capitão Charles Hastings
- Capitão James King
- Capitão John McMahon
- Capitão John Vallancey

Royal NC Regiment liderado pelo tenente-coronel John Hamilton com 267 homens

Milícia do NC Volunteers Loyalist liderada pelo coronel Samuel Bryan com 202 homens, com os seguintes oficiais:
- Tenente Coronel John Hampton
- Capitão Nicholas White


Otho Holland Williams

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Sobre Brig. General Otho Holland Williams (Exército Continental)

Otho Holland Williams (1º de março de 1749 e # x2013 15 de julho de 1794) foi um oficial do Exército Continental de Maryland na Guerra Revolucionária Americana. Ele participou de muitas batalhas durante a guerra nos teatros de Nova York, Nova Jersey e Southern, terminando eventualmente sua carreira como Brigadeiro-General.

Nascido na zona rural do condado de Prince George, em Maryland, Williams passou sua infância na Fazenda Springfield, perto da atual Williamsport. Ele ficou órfão aos treze anos e foi colocado aos cuidados do cunhado de seu pai, o Sr. Ross. Williams fez um aprendizado com o Sr. Ross e estudou sua profissão no cartório de Frederick, eventualmente assumindo o cargo. Aos dezoito anos, Williams mudou-se para Baltimore e realizou um comércio semelhante. Williams voltou para Frederick em 1774 e entrou na vida comercial.

Em resposta ao apelo do Congresso para soldados na eclosão da Guerra Revolucionária Americana na primavera de 1775, Williams juntou-se a uma unidade de rifle do Exército Continental como oficial comissionado. Logo depois disso, ele e sua unidade marcharam para o Cerco de Boston. Vendo sua primeira ação de combate significativa no final de 1776 na Batalha de Fort Washington, Williams foi capturado pelos britânicos e preso em Nova York. He was released in early 1778 and returned to the Continental Army as colonel of the 6th Maryland Regiment, a position he had acquired during his captivity. From thereafter, Williams led his regiment through much of the southern campaign, most notably in the battles of Camden, Guilford Court House, and Eutaw Springs. Near the end of the War, Williams was sent by his commanding officer General Greene with documents to congress and was promoted to brigadier general in 1782.

After the war, Williams later served as an associate justice for Baltimore County, and as the first commissioner of the Port of Baltimore. He returned to Springfield Farm in 1787, bought the house and the surrounding land, and began laying out the town of Williamsport. In 1792, Washington offered Williams to be Brigadier General of the Army, though he declined due to his failing health. Williams died two years later in 1794 while travelling to Sweet Springs, Virginia.

Otho Holland Williams was born on March 1, 1749, the third generation of his family born on the North American Continent, his ancestors having emigrated from Wales. For the first year of his life, he lived with his parents Joseph and Prudence Williams in Prince George's County until the family settled at the mouth of the Conecocheague near present day Williamsport. His family home was Springfield Farm, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Shortly before Joseph Williams death, he placed his thirteen year old son into the care of his brother-in-law Mr.Ross who worked in the Clerk's office in Frederick County. After studying the duties of the office, Williams took charge of the office himself before moving to Baltimore for similar employment at the age of eighteen. In the spring of 1774, Williams returned to Frederick and entered into commercial life.

On June 14, 1775, upon the call for soldiers by the Continental Congress, Williams joined Capt. Thomas Price's Independent Rifle Company of Maryland as first lieutenant. The company then marched to the Siege of Boston. Soon after the company's arrival in Boston, Williams was promoted to the command of the company. By order of the Continental Congress on June 27, 1776, the rifle company was integrated into the Maryland and Virginia Rifle Regiment, with Hugh Stephenson as colonel, Moses Rawlings as lieutenant colonel and Williams as major.

The regiment did not see much action until the Battle of Fort Washington, where Williams was taken prisoner by the British. He was taken to New York, where due to his rank he was permitted to go at large on his parole. During this time in New York, it was common for British officers to amuse themselves by insulting American prisoners with pointed questions such as "What Trade were you of before you entered the service?" When a high ranking British officer asked this question of Williams he replied:

"That he was in a profession which taught him to resist tyranny and punish insolence, and that proofs of his profession would follow a reputation towards him."

It is suggested that the officer offended by this retort informed William Phillips—then in command of the New York garrison—that Williams was sending military information to George Washington contrary to the terms of his parole. Williams was promptly arrested and confined to a sixteen square foot (1.5 square meter) room without ventilation in the city's provost jail which he shared with Ethan Allen. Due to possible maltreatment by his captors and malnourishment, his health was affected to the point where he never fully recovered from his imprisonment.

After the surrender of General John Burgoyne after the Battles of Saratoga, Williams was exchanged on January 16, 1778. During his imprisonment, Williams had been promoted to colonel and given command of the 6th Maryland Regiment of the Maryland Line. Shortly after his release, he stated in a letter to the governor of Maryland that the regiment contained ". not above a hundred effective men. and that those are very indifferently clothed." He further stated: "I heartily desire to join the army as soon as possible but certainly it had better be reinforced by a regiment without a colonel than by a colonel without a regiment." After joining Washington's army shortly before the Battle of Monmouth he learned that the regiment was noted for a looseness of discipline and was unable to stand with others in the line during battle. Soon after he took effective command, the 6th Maryland Regiment became known as the equal, if not superior, to any in the whole army.

After the unsuccessful attempt to capture Savannah, Georgia, under the command of General Benjamin Lincoln, the Southern Department of the Continental Army retreated to Charleston, South Carolina. General Sir Henry Clinton moved his forces, surrounded the city where Lincoln's army was located and cut off any chance of relief for the Continental Army. Prior to his surrender, Lincoln had been able to get messages to General Washington and Congress requesting aid. At the end of April 1780, Washington dispatched General Johann de Kalb with 1,400 Maryland and Delaware troops. The Maryland Line made up a large portion of this force, with Williams serving in the post of Adjutant general to General De Kalb.

General de Kalb's forces took almost a month to descend the Chesapeake Bay and did not arrive in Petersburg, Virginia until the middle of June, almost a month after Lincoln had surrendered his army. The Continental Congress appointed Horatio Gates to command the Southern Department. He assumed command on July 25, 1780 and immediately marched into South Carolina with the intent of engaging the British Army, now under the command of Charles Cornwallis. Williams served as Deputy Adjutant-General under Gates.

After brief aggressive maneuvering which threatened the British position in the Carolinas, Cornwallis moved his forces to engage the American forces. The two armies met in the Battle of Camden on August 16, 1780, six miles (9.5 km) north of Camden, South Carolina. Due to several tactical errors on the part of General Gates, Cornwallis achieved a decisive victory. Deserted by their commander and facing opposition on all sides, the Continental Army was forced to retreat. During this engagement, Williams had been stationed to the rear of the army and was unable to contribute until the end and General de Kalb was mortally wounded. Prior to his death three days later, de Kalb paid a glowing tribute to the Maryland Troop under his command.

Batalha do Tribunal de Guilford

After the successful retreat across the Dan River, during which Williams led his men during many highly successful rear guard actions checking the enemy's advance and baffling every British attempt to bring the American army into a general engagement, General Nathanael Greene chose to offer battle to General Cornwallis's forces on March 15, 1781 on ground of his own choosing at Guilford Court House, inside the city limits of present day Greensboro, North Carolina.

After the British forces had broken Greene's first line made up of North Carolina Militia and the second line made up of Virginia Militia they threatened the third line made up by the 1st Maryland Regiment, under the command of Colonel John Gunby, and the 2nd Maryland Regiment. The Brigade of Guards, under the command of a Colonel Stewart, broke through the 2nd Maryland Regiment, captured two field pieces and threatened the rear of the 1st Maryland forces whom were already engaged with sizable force under the command of a Colonel Webster.

The 1st Maryland Regiment charged and swept Webster's forces from the field. They then turned to face the oncoming guards unit. After a brief exchange of musket fire, in which 1st Maryland's commander's horse was shot from under him, the 1st Maryland Regiment charged the Guards unit who were quickly routed.

Greene, not able to see this part of the battle from his vantage point, had already ordered a retreat. Thus, unsupported, the Maryland troops were soon forced to withdraw. During this retreat the 6th Maryland Regiment under Williams again acted as the rear guard of the army and is credited with holding off the British forces allowing Greene to move his forces to safety. In recognition of Williams' gallantry, Greene appointed him to the post of Adjutant general of the Army.

The Battle of Eutaw Springs can be divided into two distinct engagements. During the first action, Greene had given the following order to Williams:

"Let Williams advance and sweep the field with his bayonets."

The 6th Maryland Regiment advanced and broke the British line forcing them to fall back several miles and allowing the Continental Army to gain control of the British Camp. The Americans then began to pillage the camp which allowed time for the British to form a new line anchored by a stone house that the Continental Army was unable to move later in the day.

Near the close of the War, he was sent by General Greene with dispatches to congress and on May 9, 1782 promoted to Brigadier General.

After the War, Williams returned to Maryland and settled in Baltimore. He was soon appointed Commissioner of the Port by the Governor of Maryland, an appointment that was renewed when George Washington assumed the Presidency of the United States. He was also elected Treasurer of the Society of Cincinnati on November 21, 1783.

In 1786 he married his wife, Mary, the second daughter of William Smith with whom he had four sons. In the year following his marriage, Williams bought his father's house near the Potomac River and dedicated himself to improving the farm and laying out the town of Williamsport, Maryland, which was named in his honor. Williams wanted the capital of the United States to be located in Williamsport and wrote a letter to Washington to that effect on November 1, 1790 enclosing a map of the town.

Washington thought so highly of Williams that that in 1792, when Daniel Morgan refused the rank of Brigadier General of the American Army, the president had Henry Knox, the United States Secretary of War, write Williams asking him to accept the position. The position would have made Williams the second in command of the American Army, but citing poor health and no ambition for the position, Williams declined the appointment. However, on December 21, 1792, Williams accepted the Maryland State Legislature's invitation for him to serve as an Associate Justice for Baltimore County.

His health deteriorating, Williams was induced to try the "sea airs" and in 1793 journeyed to Barbados which afforded him some benefits. In 1794 upon reaching Woodstock on his way to Sweet Springs, Virginia Williams became too ill to travel. On Tuesday, July 15, 1794, at the age of 46, Otho Holland Williams died. His remains were interred under a simple monument on the summit of a hill on his Williamsport homestead. His wife died one year later leaving their children orphaned and under the care of her father.

Otho Holland Williams (March 1, 1749 – July 15, 1794) was a famous Continental Army soldier from Maryland in the American Revolutionary War.

Williams started out as a lieutenant in the Rifle Corps from Frederick, Maryland in 1775. He helped out in the Siege of Boston. In 1776, Williams was wounded while he was serving at Fort Washington when it was attacked by the British. He was then captured and taken prisoner by the British. After 15 months of imprisonment in New York City, he was exchanged. While in captivity, Williams was promoted to the command of the 6th Regiment of the Maryland line, during which he acted as deputy adjutant-general under Horatio Gates and Nathanael Greene. He then fought in many other battles, including the Battle of Monmouth in 1780, on which he later wrote a book, Narrative of the Campaign of 1780.[1] Near the end of the war, Williams was sent by General Greene with some dispatches to Congress , and he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General by them. After the war, Williams settled down in Baltimore, Maryland and was appointed as the naval officer of the port. He held office until the adoption of the Federal Constitution, after which he was reappointed by President George Washington, and held the role in office until his death.

Otho Holland Williams was born in Prince George's County, Maryland. A year after his birth, Williams family moved to Frederick County, Maryland. When Williams was twelve, his father, Joseph Williams, died, leaving young Williams to care for seven other children. Otho was then taken care of and educated by his brother-in-law, Mr. Ross.[2] After his education, Williams was placed in the clerk's office of Frederick County. Later, he moved to Baltimore, Maryland, and held a similar position there. A few years before the Revolutionary War started, Williams moved back to Frederick.

When Williams arrived at Frederick, he became a merchant. But as tensions increased within the Colonies, Williams abandoned his carrier and joined the local rifle corps in Fredrick. The corps were under Captain Price, with Williams as lieutenant. The corps then marched to Boston, Massachusetts. Capt. Price was soon promoted, and Williams succeeded to the command. His corps did not see much service until the Battle of Fort Washington, in which Williams was promoted to Major in a rife regiment formed by Maryland and Virginia troops. Williams was severely wounded in battle and was taken prisoner by the British. He was then carried off to Long Island, New York, and finally taken to a jail in New York City. While serving jail time, Williams said that he suffered from continuous torture. After 15 months in prison, Williams was released. While in jail, he had been promoted to Colonel in the 6th regiment of the Maryland line. Williams rejoined with the army in New Jersey in 1778 shortly before the Battle of Monmouth. Afterwards, Williams didn't have any other important engagements until he was transferred to the Carolinas in 1780. While in the Carolinas, Williams was appointed Adjutant General to General Nathanael Greene after he showed significant skill at the Battle of Camden. Williams then fought alongside Greene in the Battle of King's Mountain and in the Battle of Cowpens. ([Wikers: Nathaniel Greene was in neither of these battles. Please reword]) In Greene's retreat, it is noted the Williams showed much skill in repelling British attacks while commanding the rear guard.[3] In 1781, Williams is known for his great help in the last battles of the war. In fact, Williams received a commendation from both Greene and the entire army. Near the end of the war, he went to Congress with dispatches from Greene and became Brigadier General by brevet.

After his successful career in the army, Williams settled down in Baltimore, Maryland. He was soon appointed Commissioner of the Port by the Governor of Baltimore.[4] He later married the daughter of Mr. William Smith, a well known and influential merchant. Williams acquired a large fortune, enabling him to buy is father's house near the Potomac River.[5] There, he improved the farm and founded the town of Williamsport, Maryland, which was named in honor of him. Williams also enjoyed a good friendship with George Washington, who, in 1792, desired to resume his service in the Army. But Williams declined the offer due to illnesses. He died two years later on July 15, 1794 in Woodstock, Virginia.[6]

Otho Holland Williams (March 1, 1749 – July 15, 1794) was a Continental Army officer from Maryland in the American Revolutionary War. He participated in many battles throughout the war in the New York, New Jersey and Southern theaters, eventually ending his career as a Brigadier General.

Born in rural Prince George's County, Maryland, Williams spent his childhood on Springfield Farm near present-day Williamsport. He was orphaned at age thirteen and was put in the care of his father's brother-in-law, Mr. Ross. Williams took an apprenticeship under Mr. Ross and studied his profession in the Clerk's office of Frederick, eventually taking charge of the office. At age eighteen, Williams moved to Baltimore and undertook a similar trade. Williams returned to Frederick in 1774 and entered into a commercial life.

In response to Congress's call for soldiers at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in the spring of 1775, Williams joined a Continental Army rifle unit as a commissioned officer. Soon thereafter, he and his unit marched off to the Siege of Boston. Seeing his first significant combat action in late 1776 at the Battle of Fort Washington, Williams was captured by the British and imprisoned in New York. He was released in early 1778 and returned to the Continental Army as colonel of the 6th Maryland Regiment, a position he had acquired during his captivity. From thereafter, Williams led his regiment through much of the southern campaign, most notably in the battles of Camden, Guilford Court House, and Eutaw Springs. Near the end of the War, Williams was sent by his commanding officer General Greene with documents to Congress and was promoted to brigadier general in 1782.

After the war, Williams later served as an associate justice for Baltimore County, and as the first commissioner of the Port of Baltimore. He returned to Springfield Farm in 1787, bought the house and the surrounding land, and began laying out the town of Williamsport. In 1792, Washington offered Williams to be Brigadier General of the Army, though he declined due to his failing health. Williams died two years later in 1794 while travelling to Sweet Springs, Virginia.


Otho Williams - History

aka Troublesome Iron Works, aka Buffington's Iron Works*. Keeping ahead of the British, Col. Otho Williams and his "Light Corps" found a good location to defend against the approaching enemy - near Speedwell's Furnace. Per his standing orders, his objective was to delay the British as much as possible.

Within his Light Corps, Col. Williams had an Irishman from Guilford County named Tom Archer. He was a large man who would "fight his weight in wildcats" and "hardly ever missed his aim at any distance within two hundred yards."

When the British brought up their field pieces to fire on the Patriots, Tom Archer stepped into the middle of the road and yelled, "Hallo there Mister, I wish you would take that ugly thing out of the road, or it may cause some trouble yet before all is over." Turning to a nearby officer Archer said, "Captain, may I shoot that cussed rascal? for he has no business here, no how."

The captain told Archer to wait until they applied the match, for they needed to detain the enemy as long as possible. When the British were ready to fire, Archer stepped into the middle of the road again and yelled, "Hallo there Mister, I say you had better take that thing out of the road, or I'll be hanged if I don't shoot some of you." Then turning to the officer he asked again, "Captain, may I shoot the cussed rascal now, for tellin' don't do him one bit o' good?" His captain just nodded and smiled.

Archer placed his rifle against a tree to steady it and fired - hitting the distant artilleryman holding the match.

The Patriots mounted up and rode away before the cannon crew could recover and fire at them. Lord Cornwallis and his army was delayed another two hours as a result.

Later that day, Lt. Col. Henry Lee moved across the Irwin Ferry and stopped his weary men so they could eat. As they began, the British vanguard under Brigadier General Charles O'Hara appeared and fired at his pickets. Lt. Col. Lee quickly formed his men and moved away from the enemy, who was equally startled and halted, requesting orders on what to do.

Lt. Col. Lee used the delay to get his infantry away, but the British were soon closing in hot pursuit. Both armies were covering thirty miles a day. Now, into the cold night the race went on. As they moved forward, Col. Otho Williams saw campfires in the road ahead and sent a man to hurry there and to warn Major General Nathanael Greene that the British were near.

The man quickly returned informing Col. Williams that this was Greene's camp from two days ago, and a few men had remained behind to let them know that fact.

The British could not keep up the pace with Col. Williams, so they halted for the night. The Patriots eventually also stopped, but at midnight they were awakened because the British were moving again. A heavy frost had fallen on the deeply rutted road, making walking quite difficult and very noisy.

Lord Cornwallis thought he had Major General Greene just where he wanted him - backed up to the Dan River. A recent rainfall had raised the level of the river making it impossible to cross except by boat. Greene had been prepared for this and had readied his crossing before he even reached the river. Boats had been waiting for him when he got there.

On the afternoon of February 14th, Col. Otho Williams received word that Major General Nathanael Greene and his army had crossed the Dan River and made it safely into Virginia. Col. Williams marched his men to Irwin's Ferry, where he found boats waiting for him to take his men across into Virginia. They crossed over at sunset, having covered forty miles in sixteen hours.

The British arrived after sundown to discover that the Americans had already crossed and that the river was too swollen to attempt fording it. The "Race to the Dan River" was over - Lord Cornwallis had lost.

*By 1770, an early colonial ironworks had been established on Troublesome Creek in present-day Rockingham County. The ironworks, initially called the Speedwell Furnace, played a significant role in the Revolutionary War. Before and after the Battle of Guilford Court House on March 15, 1781, both British and Patriot troops camped at the site. George Washington retraced Major General Nathanael Greene’s retreat from Guilford Court House during his southern tour in 1791, and visited the ironworks at that time. The original site was partially destroyed by fire and rebuilt in 1915.

Joseph Buffington, an experienced Quaker iron master originally from Chester County, PA, constructed Speedwell Furnace on Troublesome Creek. He purchased the “mine hill” in southern Rockingham County, as well as the land for the iron works. Additionally, Buffington constructed a rock dam to create water power, a bloomery for pig iron, and an iron forge for finishing items. Unfortunately, Buffington soon discovered that the iron deposits in the area contained far too much titaniferous dioxide to produce valuable iron. He sold the works in 1772, and the site passed through the hands of various people through the course of the Revolutionary War.

In February of 1781, Major General Nathanael Greene led his Patriot troops over the Dan River into Virginia, as Lord Cornwallis’s British forces pursued them, camping overnight at the Troublesome Creek works. Soon after, Greene’s forces returned to North Carolina, where they camped at various locations including Speedwell Furnace. Greene created earthen fortifications and gathered ammunition. After the Battle of Guilford Court House on March 15, 1781, Major General Greene continued to plan for a second attack by Lord Cornwallis, returning his troops to the works at Troublesome Creek. For five days Patriot forces camped at Speedwell Furnace, then pursuing Lord Cornwallis to Ramsey’s Mill.

After the Revolutionary War, three Patriot veterans purchased the ironworks: Lt. Colonel Archibald Lytle of Hillsborough, and brothers Peter and Constantine Perkins from Virginia. In 1782, the new owners established a grist and flour mill at the site. Purchasing the site in 1790 were George Hairston and John Marr of Virginia, who hired Benjamin Jones to manage the works. Jones managed the facilities between 1790 and 1792, hosting President George Washington for breakfast at the works in 1791. The Troublesome Creek Ironworks continued to operate under various owners through the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, producing low-grade iron ore and other goods. In 1954, local historian James McClamroch purchased the site and donated it to the Rockingham Historical Society.

References:
Lindley S. Butler, “Speedwell Furnace: The Ironworks on Troublesome Creek,” Rockingham County Historical Society pamphlet (1972). Patrick O’Kelley, "Nothing but Blood and Slaughter, III" (2005). Archibald Henderson, "Washington’s Southern Tour, 1791" (1923). William S. Powell, ed., "Encyclopedia of North Carolina" (2006). Several Patriot pensioners later asserted that there was a small skirmish at Buffington's Iron Works around the same timeframe as the battle at Camden, SC (August 16, 1780), but to date there have been no official records of this skirmish.

Josiah Martin of Lincoln County recounted in his 1832 pension statement (W1047):


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There are 8 million census records available for the last name Williams. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Williams census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

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There are 1 million military records available for the last name Williams. For the veterans among your Williams ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 8 million census records available for the last name Williams. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Williams census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 984,000 immigration records available for the last name Williams. As listas de passageiros são o seu bilhete para saber quando seus ancestrais chegaram aos EUA e como eles fizeram a viagem - do nome do navio aos portos de chegada e partida.

There are 1 million military records available for the last name Williams. For the veterans among your Williams ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.


From Otho Holland Williams

I had the honor to write you, by a late Post, and to inclose certain papers which contained such information as in obedience to your request, I thought it my duty to communicate.1 In addition I beg leave to mention Major Jones who infornjs me that he has offered his services by letter the inclosed paper relates to him.2

Major Alexander Trueman, and Major Benjamin Brooks have also informed me that they propose to offer their services to the United States in the Military line—As officers I know their talents well and, when their applications shall be had in consideration, I will most cheerfully subscribe to the particulars of their past services, and testify, according to the best of my Judgment, their respective merits.3

Judge Pendleton of Georgia has written to me to obtain the Suffrages of the Senators of Maryland in favor of Mr James Seagrove who he says will be a Candidate for the office of Collector at Savannah.4 Major William Pierce also writes me that he will become a candidate for the same office and requests of me the same services.5

I would not be Officious, But as I know that every information is agreeable to you, I take the present occasion to mention that Mr Seagrove was formerly of New York, and I believe has the honor, Sir, to be known to you in the year 1776. I knew him then as a Gentleman—believed him to be a patriot, and have been since informed that a Combination of circumstances governing his fortune and his conduct, as a merchant obliged him to leave the states, and remain abroad during the War. Major Pierce was formerly of Virginia, and of Harrisons Regiment of Artillery. The want of health obliged him to quit the Corps, and serve in the Staff. He made the Western tour, I believe, with General Sullivan and, I know, that he was Secretary, and Aid De Camp, to General Greene during his southern Campaigns—At the close of the war Major Pierce married, settled in Georgia, and entered into a Mercantile concern which I have understood, did not close fortunately. He now resides at, or near Savannah and is, I am well informed, of so much consideration in that Country as to have polled high at the last election for the office of Governor of Georgia.

There are no names on the list which I had the honor to receive, for the Post of Annapolis: nor for several others in Maryland, which will probably be ports of Entry—As to Annapolis, I presume that the former Naval officer, Mr John Davidson, who has long discharged that duty, will be had in consideration6—At the same port resides Captn Robert Denny formerly of the Maryland line who acted four Years as Deputy Naval officer of the Port ⟨of⟩ Baltimore, and in my office.7 I discovered in him so much integrity—capacity, and indefatigable assiduity, that I can with confidence, recommend him as a faithful servant of the public, and who would be glad of the second office in the Customs at that Port. With dutiful respect, Esteem and attachment I am Dear Sir Your Most Obedient and Most Humble Servant

2 For John Courts Jones’s application, see his letter to GW, 1 June 1789.

3 Alexander Trueman (Truman d. 1792) served as an ensign in the 3d Maryland Battalion of the Flying Camp from June to December 1776, when he was promoted to captain in the 6th Maryland, where he served until he was transferred to the 2d Maryland in January 1781. He retired in January 1783. Trueman was appointed a captain in the 1st Infantry of the United States Army in June 1790 and was promoted to major in the reorganization of the army in the spring of 1792. In April 1792 Trueman was sent to carry peace messages from the United States government to the western tribes but was killed by Indians before completing his mission ( ASP, Indian Affairs, description begins Walter Lowrie et al., eds. American State Papers. Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States . 38 vols. Washington, D.C., Gales and Seaton, 1832–61. description ends 1:229–30, 243). Benjamin Brooks (1752–1800) served in various Maryland regiments during the Revolution and ended the war as a major in the 5th Maryland Regiment. After the war he settled in Prince George’s County. On 3 Mar. 1791 Benjamin Contee wrote GW a short recommendation of Brooks for an appointment in the excise (DLC:GW ). However, Brooks received no federal post until May 1798 when he was appointed a major in the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers raised during the Quasi-War with France ( Executive Journal, description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States of America: From the commencement of the First, to the termination of the Nineteenth Congress . Vol. 1. Washington, D.C., 1828. description ends 1:277, 279).

4 For James Seagrove’s application, see his letter to GW, 24 July 1789.

6 For John Davidson’s application, see his letter to GW, 2 July 1789.

7 Robert Denny of Maryland served as ensign and paymaster of the 7th Maryland Regiment in May 1778 and was promoted to lieutenant in January 1780, transferring in January 1781 to the 5th Maryland. He retired from the army in January 1783. Denny received no federal customs appointment.


Otho Williams - History

In it's earliest days it was known as Hoke, and a post office was established in this name to honor a railroad official, but the railroad refused to have the town continue under that name. John W. Freeman, the first postmaster, suggested the name "Dacula" as a combination of "Decatur" and "Atlanta" and that name stuck.

Mr. J. W. Hamilton, born in Gwinnett County November 7, 1847, was the first settler of the town. He built the first house, a small wooden building, in 1891, around which Dacula grew.

The owner of the first drug store was Dr. Samuel L. Hinton. After his death in 1918, Dr. William T. Hinton and Dr. Benjamin V. Wilson assumed the duties of caring for the citizens of the town.

In 1905 Dacula was incorporated, with Dr. S.L. Hinton as its first mayor. Since then the following men have been mayors of Dacula: A. M. Wilson, L. C. Mauldin, Beverley Ambrose, G. F. Pharr, K. E. Taylor, Claude Hinton, Otho Pharr, J. W. Hamilton, and Taylor Whitley.

The highway from Athens was graded in 1928 and paved in 1931. A modern brick city hall was erected in 1935 at a cost of $2,500.

Chinquepin Grove was the only school in the area until the Dacula Public School was built. The first principal of that school was W. A. Davis. A new brick building was built in 1910, and additional buildings of rock were added later.

The Hebron Baptist Church was organized July 2, 1842, and a house erected on the Davenport place, known later as the Loveless estate. Two years later, John Wood gave the church three acres of land where the second building was built. The building still in use in 1959 was erected in 1881, with additions following. (Update - the Hebron Church is now an enormous complex, spanning about a block at the corner of Dacula Road and Fence Road).

The charter members were John Wood, A. J. Wood, L. A. Wood, Sr., H. M. Wood, William Richardson, Mr. and Mrs. Sanford Goodwin, Elizabeth Wood, Susannah Wood, Elizabeth H. Wood, Emily H. Moore, Nancy Reed, Mary B. Sammon, Polly A. Green, and a slave by the name of Marcouri Richardson.

Mt. Zion Baptist Church was first discussed at the home of Levi Loveless on July 8, 1853. On August 3, 1853 the church was organized with the following ministers acting as presbytery: S. B. Churchill, William Haslett, Fielden Maddox, John I. Davis, Burrell Higgins and William B. Richards. James Flowers served as clerk. The founding members were Levi Loveless, Americus Jennings, Mary Jennings, James Flowers, Minerva Flowers, Marinda J. Flowers, William P. Williams, Joel Johnson, Matilda Johnson, Isaac Petty, George Petty, Sister Williams.

A building was erected in 1854 and remodeled in 1910. A new building was started in 1940.

Although not in Dacula proper, the following historic churches are southwest of Dacula along the Alcovy River:

Two acres of land for Alcova Baptist Church was purchased in 1828 from Caleb Higgins, with the officers of the church being William Richardson and Joel Higgins. No records of the church prior to the Civil War are available. It was reorganized in 1868, the charter members being Easter Smith, Mary Hogan, Polly Green, Mr. and Mrs. Joshua Arnold, Betsy Davis, Amanda Davis, Jane Davis, Letitia Davis, Jackson Green, Marion Smith, Judge Hogan, General Davis, and Joel Davis. Rev. A. K. Tribble was the first pastor after the reorganization.

In 1867 Martin's Chapel Methodist Church was organized by a group of Martin families who lived three or four miles east of Lawrenceville. The charter members were Mr. and Mrs. Elisha Martin, Mr. and Mrs. John M. Martin, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Coleman, Mr. and Mrs. Job V. Smith and Mrs. Mariah Adams. The chapel was erected in 1874.

Ewing's Chapel Baptist Church was organized November 6, 1908 with the following charter members: N. G. Pharr, P. C. Fowler, John Hall, Sarah Pharr, Frances Fowler, Ella Higgins, Lula Givins, and Eliza Hall. The building was erected the same year. The first pastor was Rev. John W. Fowler, who served in the years 1908-1911.

Ebenezer Baptist Church is in the Harbin's District not far from the Gwinnett-Barrow County line. It was organized in 1847 with 48 members, the number increasing to 307 by 1911. The first pastor was S. B. Churchill.

Appalachee Baptist Church (African American). Link to church history. See more pictures of Dacula at the Gwinnett County
PHOTO ALBUM!

Fontes:
History of Gwinnett County, 1818-1960, Volume II, by James C. Flanigan, copyright 1959


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